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My criminal justice class chapter 2 terms

Aggravated Assault

The unlawful, intentional inflicting, or attempted or threatened inflicting, of serious injury upon the person of another.

Arson

Any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another and so on.

Assault

An unlawful attack by one person upon another.

Bureau of Justice Statistics

A U.S department of justice agency responsible for the collection of criminal justice data including the annual National Crime Victimization Survey.

Burglary

The unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft .

Clearance Rate

A traditional measure of investigative effectiveness that compares the number of crimes solved through arrest or other means (such as the death of the suspect).

Corporate Crime

A violation of a criminal statute by a corporate entity or by its executives, employees, or agents acting on behalf of and for the benefit pf the corporation, partnership, or other form of business entity.

Crime Index

A measure of the UCR programs violent and property crime categories, or what are called Part 1 offenses.

Crime typology

A classification of crimes along a particular dimension, such as legal categories, offender motivation, victim behavior, or the characteristics of individual offenders.

Cybercrime

Any crime perpetrated through the use of computer technology.

Cyberstalking

The use of the internet, e-mail, and other electronic communication technologies to stalk another person.

Dark figure of crime

Crime that is not reported to the police and that remains unknown to officials.

Date rape

Unlawful forced sexual intercourse with a female against her will that occurs within the context of a dating relationship.

Forcible rape

The carnal knowledge of a female, forcibly and against her will.

Hate crime

A criminal offense committed against a person, property, or society that is motivated, in whole of in part, by the offender's bias against race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, or ethnicity/national origin.

Identity Theft

A crime in which an imposter obtains key pieces of information, such as social security and driver's license numbers, to obtain credit, merchandise, and services in the name of the victim.

Larceny-theft

A crime in which an imposter obtains key pieces of information, such as social security and driver's license numbers, to obtain credit, merchandise, and services in the name of the victim.

Motor vehicle theft

The theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle

Murder

The unlawful killing of a human being.

National crime victimization survey

An annual survey of selected American households conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics to determine the extent of criminal victimization-especially unreported victimization- in the united states.

National Incident-Based Reporting System

An indictment-based reporting system that collects detailed data on every single crime occurrence.

Organized crime

The unlawful activities of the members of a highly organized, disciplined association engaged in supplying illegal goods or services.

Part 1 offenses

A UCR/NIBRS offense group used to report murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson, as defined under the FBI's UCR/NIBRS program

Part 2 offenses

A UCR/NIBRS offense group used to report arrests for less serious offenses.

Property Crime

A UCR/NIBRS summary offense category that includes burglary, larceny-theft motor vehicle theft, and arson.

Rape

Unlawful sexual intercourse achieved through force without consent.

Robbery

The unlawful taking or attempted taking of property that is in the immediate possession of another by force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear.

Sexual Battery

Intentional and wrongful physical contact with a person, without his or her consent, that entails a sexual component or purpose.

Stalking

Repeated harassing and threatening behavior by one individual against another, aspects of which may be planned or carried out in a secret.

Transnational organized crime

Unlawful activity undertaken and supported by organized criminal groups operating across national boundaries.

Uniform Crime Reporting Program

A statistical reporting program ran by the FBI's criminal justice informational services division.

Violent Crime

A UCR/NIBRS summary offense category that includes burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson.

White-collar crime

Violations of the criminal law committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his or her occupation.

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