Newly appointed minister of justice by Paris Commune. Leading figure in early stages of French Revolition. Moderate influence on Jacobins
Jean Paul Marat
One of rising leaders. Published a radical journal, "Friend of the People." Was Prussian born physician, political theorist, and scientist.
Started its sessions on September 1792. Acts as soverign ruling body of France. Made up by lawyers, professionals, and property owners
A large network of political groups throughout France. Girodins and Mountain were part of this club. Jean- Paul Marat helped make them more radical
Represented provinces. Feared the radical mob in Paris and leaned towards keeping the King alive
Represented interests of radicals in Paris. Won at the begining of 1793 to behead the King
Coalition against France
Execution of King caused Austria, Prussia, Spain, Portugaul, Britian, and Dutch Republic to take arms up against France
Committe of Public Safty
A special committe of 12 who the National Committe gave broad power to. Dominated first by Georges Danton then by Maximilion Robespierre
Member of National convention where he preached about democracy and advocate sufferage on adult males. Thought anyone opposed to begin governed by general will was to be executed.
Reign of Terror
Committe set in motion an effect to meet crisis. Revolutionary courts set up to prosecute internal enemies of revolutionary public. About 40,000 people were killed
Republic of Virtue
A democratic republic composed by good citizens. A form of new order. ''citizen'' and ''citizens" would replace ''master'' and ''madam''
Policy of de christianization
National committes attempt to creat new order that reflected beliefs on reason. ''Saint'' was removed from street names, churches were pillaged and closed by revolutionary armies, priests were encouraged to marry.
Constitution of 1795
Written in August, reflected the desire for stability. Established national legislature assembly consisting of 2 chambers: lower house (Counsil of 500) who initiated legislation; upper house (Counsil of Elders) who accept or reject proposed laws.
Counsil of Elders who elect 5 directors to act as executive committe. Ruled with the legislature. Revolution under them was an era of corruption and graft