CLA 30 Unit One Word List

20 terms by lifeinajar 

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Classics 30 Word Roots Greek and Latin Word List of key terms and new words from Unit One

allomorphs

variant forms of morphemes

analyze

break down (break down words made up of 2 morphemes)

Anglo-Saxon

German tribes invaded Britain (Angles, Saxons, Jutes) -> then spoke Anglo-Saxon from 400-1000 CE

base

morpheme to which a prefix is added

borrowings

words that are derived from Latin or Greek or other languages

content word

words usually derived from Greek or Latin; has a clear, concrete definition

derivative

borrowed word

empty morpheme

has no clear meaning

etymology

origin of the word

full morpheme

a meaning can be assigned to it

function word

short words which serve as cement to hold the content words together; difficult to provide meaning for many of these words

intensifying morpheme

makes the word stronger

Middle English

1100-1500 CE; begins with end of Norman Conquest (1000 CE)

morphemes

minimum units of meaning within a word

obsolete

no longer in use

Old English

aka Anglo-Saxon (400-1100 CE); greatly influenced by Norse (Vikings) language; derived from German invading tribes

prefix

morpheme that comes at the front of a word

structure

the way a language is put together

suffix

morpheme at end of a word

word order

structure depends on function words (by, the, with, and, etc) and word order (to give context/specific meaning)

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