5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- split brain
- cerebral cortex
- a the "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; its functions include processing sensory input and coordinating movement output and balance
- b a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
- c "morphine within"--natural, opiatelike neurotransmitters linked to pain control and to pleasure.
- d the intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells that covers the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control and information-processing center
- e a condition in which the two hemispheres of the brain are isolated by cutting the connecting fibers (mainly those of the corpus callosum) between them
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocrine glands, that are produced in one tissue and affect another
- a doughnut-shaped system of neural structures at the border of the brainstem and cerebral hemispheres; associated with emotions such as fear and aggression and drives such as those for food and sex. Includes the hippocampus, amygdala, and hypothalamus.
- a neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down an axon. the action potential is generated by the movement of positively charged atoms in and out of channels in the axon's membrane
- the division of the autonomic nervous system that calms the body, conserving its energy
- the endocrine system's most influential gland. Under the influence of the hypothalamus, the pituitary regulates growth and controls other endocrine glands
5 True/False Questions
parietal lobes → the portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgments
corpus callosum → the large band of neural fibers connecting the two brain hemispheres and carrying messages between them
motor neurons → neurons that carry outgoing information from the central nervous system to the muscles and glands.
Wernicke's area → controls language expression-an aread of the frontal, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech
dendrite → the junction between the axon tip of the sending neuron and the dendrite or cell body of the receiving neuron