Age of Exploration & the 13 Colonies (Set I)

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caravels

used triangular sails that, unlike traditional square sails, allowed ships to sail against the wind.

Jamestown

The first permanent English settlement in North America.

John Winthrop

Leader of a group of Puritans that left for the new world in 1630 in order to seek religious freedom.

staple crops

These Middle Colony crops included wheat, barley, and oats.

trade

The economy of the middle colonies was primarily based on this.

Prince Henry

The man responsible for Portugal's age of exploration

joint-stock company

Allowed the group to share the cost and risk of establishing the colony

Anne Hutchinson

A Puritan dissenter who thought there was no need for church ministers

dissenter

People who disagree with official opinions

Thomas Hooker

A Puritan dissenter who founded Connecticut and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

Quakers

Another religious group known as the Society of Friends, and believed differently than other religions.

Mayflower Compact

Legal contract signed by 40 men on the Mayflower ship, in which they agreed to have fair laws to protect the government in the English Colonies.

Pilgrims

The Seperatists that left England to escape religious persecution.

William Bradford

The leader that led the pilgrims on their journey to the new world.

Thomas Hooker

A minister who left Massachusetts and founded Connecticut colony and developed democracy

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

Allowed not Christians to vote, and outlined the power of general court

plantations

The main economy of the Southern Colonies

shipbuilding

The economy of New England Colonies was mostly based on this work.

caravel

New light, fast, large capacity ships with triangular sails.

astrolabe

Astronomy equipment used to detect the time and location of praying (from Arab Nations)

First Frame of Government

Constitution for the colony of Pennsylvania.

William Penn

founder of Pennsylvania, and wrote the First Frame of Government

John Winthrop

The man who helped established the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630

Indentured Servants

Servants that work for 4 to 7 years

Head-right system

A law that lets you get to have 50 acres, plus 50 more acres per person you bring.

Middle Passage

One part of a three part voyage used to transport slaves and other goods to the West Indies and the colonies

Conditions of slaves on the Middle Passage

Slaves were branded, shackled, and packed into a ship with buckets for waste. They were denied the choice of suicide and were force fed if attempting starvation, and dancing for exercise.

Vasco da Gama

A Portugese sailor who established a trade route from Europe to India.

Cartography

Making of maps

William Penn

The founder of Pennsylvania

John Smith

The person who made an agreement with Powhatan Confederacy

Roger WIlliams

A minister who did not agree with the leadership of Massachusetts and had very radical ideas. Puritan leaders were worried that his ideas would hurt the unity of the colony and he was made to leave Massachussetts. He went on tho form a new colony called Providence.

Providence

A colony, later called Rhode Island, established by Roger Williams in 1644 after he was made to leave Massachussetts. Here Williams put into action some of his ideals, such as a complete separation of church and state, and that they should respect the Native American's land rights.

Prince Henry the Navigator

In the early 1400s he started a observatory and founded the school of navigation. Although he never sailed he funded and taught many great explorers.

Indigo

A plant used to make blue dye. It was a major cash crop in the 16 hundreds.

James Oglethrope

A colonist that got a charter from King George II and wanted that colony a new place where deptors will have a new freash start. The colony's name is Georgia. He outlawed slavery, no plantations but small farms, and limited the size of granted land.

John Rolfe

A colonist that introduced tobacco to Jamestown and married Pocahontas

William Penn

A Quaker who found Pennsylvania, limited his own power, and established a representative government

William Penn

founder of Pennsylvania

staple crops

crops that are always needed, including wheat, barely and oats.

triangular trade route

a three part voyage where goods where traded in Europe, Africa and America

Jamestown

the first English settlement in America

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