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Olduwan

early pebble tools and flakes. site Olduvai. basal paleolithic homo habilis

Acheulean

handaxe flakes

Zhoukoudian

Peking man, homo erectus, stone tools found no hand axes

Knapping

reduction process to create flakes

Lower Paleolithic

olduwan, acheulean, clactonian, control of fire, cold weather adaptations begin, homo habilis, homo erectus

Clactonian

Lower paleolithic, large flakes heavy retouching and notches, homo erectus

Multiregionalism

suggests that everything after homo erectus is homo sapiens, interbreeding

Out of Africa

widely accepted. two migrations, one by homo erectus, other by homo sapiens, homo erectus evolving into divergent lineages, mitochondrial evidence

Movius line

west stone tools and handaxes, east possible use of wooden tools and flakes

Paranthropus

evolutionary dead end

Australopithicus afarensis

1, 4mya, lucy, laetoli footprints

Australopithicus africanus

2, 3mya, taung child

Homo Habilis

3, 2mya

Homo Ergaster

4, 2mya

Homo Erectus

5, 1mya

Homo Hiedelbergensis

6, 1mya, lower paleolithic, Sima de los huesos, first hunters, schoningan spears

Homo Sapiens

7, present day

Homo Neanderthalensis

7, .5mya, first species ever found, mousterian, la chapelle aux saints (represented that they were taking care of elderly & injured) intentional shallow burial, couldnt speak yet, ate meat,

Possible Ancestors

Ardipithicus Ramidus

Australopithicus anemensis

Kenya

Sima de los huesos

pit of bones, 32 bodies found, 1st burial practice

Middle Paleolithic

Intentional treatment of dead, mouterian, last time one hominin species, used caves

Mousterian

Neanderthals, middle paleolithic, tool assemplages, levallois technique

Shanidar Cave

Iraq, head trauma, healed fractures

Upper paleolithic

migratory hunting and gathering populations, innovation of tools and weapons, compound tools and needles, blades

Cro-magnon

European AMH, credited with spectacular cave art, lez eyzies france

Chatelperronian

Levallois technique used, knives with blunt curved backs, stone tools

Aurignacian

oldest example of figurative art

Gravettian

Eastern European, mammoth hunting, similar to chatelperronian, may have been using nets

Perigordian

Western Europe, burins and points

Solutrean

Laurel leaf points, soft percussion flaking and retouching, highly specialized

Magdalenian

Bone, composite tools

Cave art

Lascaux, western europe, animal and hybrid drawings

Lake mungo

oldest cremation

Kennewick Man

projectile in hip and fractures

Upper Paleolithic

mega fauna dies out

Clovis Culture

Paleoindian occupation found at mega fauna kill sites, fluted points

monte verde

early paleoindian, south america, wood construction, small settlement

Mesolithic

Post glacial period, shift to sedentary lifestyle, use of marine resources, nuts and wild grains, intentional change to landscape, canoes appear, cemetaries, increase in violence

Sedentism

storage containers, microlithic tools, pit houses,

Jomon culture

marine resources, evidence of sedentary communities on japan

middens

prehistoric dumps

microliths

mesolithic hand scythes used to get grains

neolithic

domestication, sedentary lifestyle, pottery, social stratification,

Pastoralism

herding mobility

Horticulture

subsistence farming, slash and burn

Agriculture

surplus production

Southwest Asia

rye, figs, sheep, cattle, lentils, pigs, cats, barley, wheat, goats, camels

Africa

donkeys yams, sorghum wheat, oil palm

East Asia

rice, chickens

Mesoamerica

squash, maize

South America

squash, beans, chilis, llama, alpaca, peanuts, cotton, manioc, quinoa, potatoes, guinea, white

North America

goosefoot, marsh elder, lamb's quarters, gourds

Eglatarian

achieved status, band, tribes

Ranked

chiefdom,

Stratified Inherited

States

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