GHS Sports Med

Created by jreynolds 

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21 terms

incision

open wound made by a cutting object

abrasion

scrapping off of a layer of skin or "strawberry"

contusion

closed wound commonly called a bruise

laceration

a jagger or irregular wound created by a non-cutting object

avulsion

a partial tearing away of a body part

amputation

an open wound in which a body part is completely cut away from the body

puncture

occurs when a pointed object enters the body

contrecoup

occurs on the opposite side of the initial injury

avulsion fracture

when a ligament or tendon pulls so hard that a portion of the bone is torn away

stress fracture

fatigue fracture, happens when a bone is subjected to repetitive stress or overuse

spiral fracture

a torsional fracture along the length of a bone, resembles a candy cane

longitudinal fracture

runs the length of a bone, usually caused by an impact

compression fracture

this fracture occurs when opposing forces are applied to a bone from both ends at the same time

oblique fracture

a diagonal fracture

comminuted fracture

when a bone is crushed into smaller pieces

greenstick fracture

this fracture commonly occurs in children because their bones have some of the properties of cartilage

transverse fracture

perpendicular fracture

depressed fracture

this rounded fracture occurs when from a direct impact to the skull

blowout fracture

this fracture occurs when an eye is pushed hard back and downward into the eye socket

pathological fracture

a disease process like a bone tumor can weaken bones so that little stress causes a fracture

epiphyseal fracture

fracture on the growth plate

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