The Elements of Poetry

55 terms by fanniebyrd 

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poetic techniques

tools of the poet's trade

figurative language

a use of language that gives more meaning a depth; not literal

overlapping meanings

definitions can sometimes overlap

denotation

the dictionary meaning of a word

connotation

a second meaning; the implied or associative meaning of a word

imagery

representation of sensory experiences through language; words that create mental images in the mind of the reader

alliteration

use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse

assonance

the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words

symbol

something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible; something that stands for more than what it is

allusion

a reference to another work of literature, person, or event

hyperbole

a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

simile

a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')

metaphor

a comparison between two unlike objects without using like or as

onomatopoeia

words that sound like what they mean

oxymoron

conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')

personification

a figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

sentimentality

excessive emotions

understatement

the opposite of exaggeration: It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.

musical devices

variations of emphasis and sound qualities to give musical flow to words

meter

a way of placing emphasis on words and symbols that create a repetive rhythm

rhyme

similar in sound

rhythm

recurring at regular intervals

iamb

a metrical unit with unstressed-stressed syllables

trochee

a metrical unit with stressed-stressed-unstressed syllables

anapest

metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed-stressed syllables

metrical foot

a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm noun

tone

the emotional coloring of a piece of work

idiom

an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up

irony

witty language used to convey insults or scorn
Ex. "he used sarcasm to upset his opponent"; "irony is wasted on the stupid"; "Satire is a sort of glass, wherein beholders do generally discover everybody's face but their own"--

euphemism

substitution of an inoffensive term for one that is offensive

analogy

drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
Ex. "the operation of a computer presents and interesting analogy to the working of the brain"; "the models show by analogy how matter is built up"

foreshadowing

the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot

flashback

scene that interrupts the normal chronological sequence of events in a story to depict something that happened at an earlier time

verbal irony

a figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant

situational irony

occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected

dramatic irony

when a reader is aware of something that a character isn't

subtleties

not loud, bright, noticeable or obvious in any way

incongruities

inconsistencies; things that don't seem to go together

iambic pentameter

a line of poet verse consisting of ten syllables group into five iamb.

quatrain

a four line stanza; a grouping of four lines

sestet

a six line stanza; a grouping of six lines

octave

a eight line stanza; a grouping of eight lines

rhyme scheme

a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem

sonnet

a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme

couplet

a two line stanza

metonymy

substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')

synecdoche

a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part

conceit

(in poetry) extravagant metaphor; a fanciful, particularly clever extended metaphor

internal rhyme

rhyme within a line

slant rhyme

rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words "stress" and "kiss"); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme

end rhyme

rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry

ballad

a narrative song with a recurrent refrain

elegy

a mournful poem, esp. one lamenting the dead

ode

a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet

parallelism

phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other

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