These are substances in food that help you grow, supply energy, and keep you healthy.
This is a unit of heat that measures the amount of energy available in food.
This is the body's main source of energy.
This is the tough, undigestible part of raw fruits, vegetables and grains. It helps your body function normally.
This nutrient is found in both animal and plant sources. It supplies your body with energy, maintains body temperature, protects your nerves, and makes your skin smooth.
These fats are liquid at room temperature. They are found in vegetable oils, nuts, and seeds.
These fats are solid at room temperature. They are found in animal fats, lards, and dairy products.
This is a wax-like substance found in animal products. A build-up of this can lead to developing heart disease.
These are made by adding hydrogen to fat molecules in vegetable oils. They are used to help preserve food. These fats raise the bad cholesterol and lower the good cholesterol.
This nutrient is responsible for growth, maintenance and repair of your body's tissues.
These are chains of building blocks that make up proteins. Your body makes some, others, called essential amino acids, can't be made by your body. They must come from the food you eat.
These nutrients are needed only in small amounts to regulate body functions. They help your body use other nutrients, store and use energy, and fight infection. Some hang out in water, others hang out in fat.
These vitamins can be stored in the body. They include Vitamins A, D, E, & K.
These are nutrients that occur naturally in rocks and soil. Your body requires only small amounts for sturdy bones and teeth, healthy blood, and regular elimination of body wastes.
This is a condition in which the bones gradually weaken. It is caused by a lack of calcium.
This mineral is an essential ingredient in the formation and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth.
This mineral is an essential component of blood. It helps carry the oxygen you breathe to your brain, your muscles, and all of your body's cells.
You may not think of this as a nutrient, but you can't live without it. It is essential to regulate the body functions. It carries nutrients to body cells, aids in digestion, removes wastes, and helps control your body temperature.
These foods contain a lot of vitamins and minerals relative to the number of calories.
These foods are high in calories but low in vitamins and minerals.
This is the physical need to eat.
This is the emotional desire to eat.
These vitamins are not primarily stored in the body. They include Vitamin C and the large group of B-Complex vitamins including riboflavin, thiamin, niacin, folic acid and B-12.
These include Vitamin A, B-complex, C, D, and E.
These proteins contain all the essential amino acids and they come from animals.
Meat, fish, poultry, milk, cheese and eggs are examples of this kind of proteins.
These proteins lack one or more of the essential amino acids. They come from plants.
Dry beans, nuts and grains are examples of this kind of proteins.
Bread and peanut butter, cereal with nuts and rice and beans are examples of combinations that provide all the amino acids to make complete proteins.
Health experts agree that this should be the primary influence when selecting foods.