Medical Terminology Word Parts

282 terms by Lefty66

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Medical Terminology word parts

a-, an-

without

ab-

away from

abdomin/o

abdomen

ad-

toward or in the direction of

aden/o

gland

-ago

diseased condition

-algia, -dynia

pain and suffering

ana-

excessive

angi/o

blood vessel

ankyl-

crooked, bent, or stiff

anter/o

front or before

appendic/o

appendix

arteri/o

artery

arthr/o

joint

ather/o

plaque or fatty substance

burs/o

bursa

carcin

cancerous

cardi/o

heart

caud/o

tail or lower part of the body

-centesis

a surgical puncture to remove fluid

cephal/o

head

chondr/o

cartilage

-clasis

to break

cost/o

rib

crani/o

skull

-crine

to secrete

cyan/o

blue

cyt/o

cell

dem

population

dermat/o

skin

-desis

surgical fixation of bone or joint

dia-

through or complete

dors

back of the body

dys-

bad, difficult, or painful

-ectomy

surgical removal

endo-

within

enter/o

small intestine

epi-

above

erythr/o

red

eti-

cause

eu-

good, normal, well, or easy

exo-

out of

gene

producing

-gram

a picture or record

-graphy

the process of producing a picture or record

hepat/o

liver

hist/o

tissue

home/o

constant

hyper-

excessive or increased

hypo-

deficient or decreased

-iatrist, -ologist, -ist

specialist

idi/o

peculiar to the individual

ili

hip bone or ilium

-itis

inflammation

kyph/o

hump

lamin

lamina

laryng/o

larynx and throat

leuk/o

white

-listhesis

slipping

lith/o

stone

lord/o

bent backward

lumb

lower back or lumbar

-lysis

loosening or setting free

-malacia

abnormal softening

-megaly

enlargement

melan/o

black

muscul/o, my/o

muscle

fung/o, myc/o

fungus

myel/o

bone marrow or spinal cord

-necrosis

tissue death

neur/o, neur/i

nerve or nervous system

-ology

the study of

-osis

abnormal condition or disease

oste/o, ost/o

bone

-ostomy

the surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body surface

-otomy

cutting or surgical incision

pan-

entire

path/o

disease

pelv/o

pelvis

-penia

deficiency

peri-

surrounding

periton

peritoneum

physi/o

nature or physical

-plasia

formation

-plasm

formation or formative material of cells

-plasty

surgical repair

-poietic

pertaining to formation

poli/o

gray

por

small opening

post-

after

poster/o

back or toward the back

pre-

before

pyr/o

fever or fire

retro-

behind

nas/o, rhin/o

nose

-rrhage

bleeding

-rrhaphy

surgical suturing to close a wound

-rrhea

flow or discharge

-rrhexis

rupture

sacr/o

sacrum

-sclerosis

abnormal hardening

scoli/o

curved

-scopy

visual examination

spondyl/o, vertebr/o

vertebrae

-stasis

control

-stenosis

abnormal narrowing

sub-

under, less, or below

super-, supra-

above or excessive

synov/o, synovi/o

synovial membrane

tonsill/o

tonsils

ventr

belly side of the body

vir/o

virus or poison

-cele

a hernia

fasci/o

fascia

fibr/o

fibrous connective tissue

kines/o, kinesi/o

movement

-plegia

paralysis

tax/o

coordination

ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o

tendon

ton/o

tone

tri-

three

brady-

slow

aort/o

aorta

-crasia

a mixture or blending

-emia

blood condition

hem/o, hemat/o

blood

phleb/o, ven/o

vein

tachy-

rapid

thromb/o

clot

anti-

against

axill/o

armpit

bacteri/o

bacteria

brachy-

short

carcin/o

cancer

cervic/o

neck

-cide

causing death

-edema

swelling

-genesis

reproduction

immun/o

protected

inguin/o

groin

lymph/o

lymph

lymphaden/o

lymph node

lymphangi/o

lymph vessel

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