APUSH Chapter 7 - The Road to Revolution

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John Hancock

A firey patriot who openly rebelled against England and made his money in a smuggling operation.

Lord North

A Tory member as well as King George's Pime Minister and yes-man who advocated repeal of the Townshend Acts.

George Grenville

Prime Minister who authorized many Acts, Laws, and Taxes that repressed the Americans.

Samuel Adams

A politian and contributer to the Revolution. Led the Boston Tea Party and attended the First Continental Congress.

Charles Townshend

Member of government who thought up the Townshend Acts.

John Adams

A firey patriot who attended the Continental Congress and was the Second President.

Crispus Attucks

A freeblack man who led and died in the Boston Massacre.

Marquis de Lafayette

A young frenchman who was made major-general of the colonial army.

King George III

The reigning king before, during, and after the American Revolution.

Baron von Steuben

A stern drill master who whipped the colonists into fighting trim against the British. He was German.

Thomas Hutchinson

Governor of Massachusetts during the Boston Tea Party.

Abigail Adams

Wife of John Adams who was a patriot and wanted to change women's status.

Benjamin Franklin

Worked as a foreign diplomat in order to gain assistance from other countries.

Edmund Burke

An Englishstatesman who warned that if the English didn't treat the Americans as equals.

Ann Hulton

A loyalist who expressed her concern of the unity between the Patriots and Tories.

John Dickinson

A lawyer and essayist who didn't have a big problem with the New English taxes.

Adam Smith

A Scotsman who was greatly opposed to mercantilism. He was considered the "Father of Modern Economics."

mercantilism

An economic theory where a mother country exploits raw materials from their colony and exports than imports.

No Taxation Without Representation

An angry cry by the colonists who felt they weren't being represented in Parliament due to the amount of taxe given.

nonimportatino agreement

Agreement among the colonies to decrease their purchases of British goods.

royal vote

The crown's right to override any legislation passed by the colonial government.

internal taxation

Tax placed on an item leaving the colonies.

external taxation

Tax placed on an item coming into the colonies.

boycott

Avoiding using or buying products until certain conditions of the consumer are met.

enumerated products

The raw materials of America that had to be sent to England before it could go anywhere else.

Board of Trade

An association of businessmen who was incharge of trade.

Sons of Liberty and Daughters of Liberty

A group of patriots who took the law into their own hands.

Quebec Act

Act stating theat the French of Quebec could rule the land the British had just won the settlers there.

Navigtation Acts

Act that enforced British mercantilism to where England made the most profit.

virtual representation

Theory that all members of Parliament represented British citizens, even the Americans.

Declatory Act

Repealed the Stamp Act but stressed that England was totally incharge.

First Continental Congress

Discussed grivances, wrote the Decleration of Rights, and decided to boycott British goods.

Sugar Act

The first Act to extract revenue from the colonists; taxed sugar from the West Indies.

Townshend Acts

Taxes that were placed on lead, paper, glass, paint, and tea.

Boston Massacre

Fight between soldiers and colonists in Boston. First person killed in the name of the revolution.

Association

A complete boycott of all British goods put in place by the Continental Congress.

Stamp Act

Act that taxed all legal documents, playing cards, newspapers, and pamphlets.

Quatering Act

Act stating that the colonists must house and feed British troops.

Committees of Correspondence

A letter writing system set up by Samuel Adams that allowed colonies to know what was happening elsewhere.

Hessians

German soldiers who the British payed to have them fight for England.

admiralty courts

Courts set up by the British where there was only a British judge an no jury.

Boston Tea Party

Led by Samuel Adams, patroits dressed as Indians and threw tea off a ship and into Boston Harbor.

Loyalists

Those who remained loyal to the king and England during the Revolutionary War.

Stamp Act Congress

A legislation set up in order to beseech the king to repeal the Stamp Act.

Intolerable Acts

Act that moved all trials to England, shut down Boston Port, and abolished public meetings.

British East India Company

The large trade monopoly held by England in East India.

Battle of Lexington and Concord

Known as the "shot heard round the world" and began the revolution. British soldiers were looking for a cache of weapons and gunpowder that was either in Lexington and Concord.

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