Social Studies Vocab #1

26 terms by alexissobel

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Renewable Resources

Materials needed and valued by people, such as soils and forests, that can be replaced by Earth's natural processes.

Nonrenewable Resources

Resources, such as coal and oil, that cannot be replaced by Earth's natural processes

Deforestation

The destruction or loss of forest area

Reforestation

The planting of trees in places where forests have been cut down

Fossil Fuels

Nonrenewable resources formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals

Petroleum

An oily liquid that can be refined into gasoline and other fuels and oils

Hydroelectric Power

A renewable energy resource produced from dams that harness the energy of falling water to power generators

Geothermal Energy

A renewable energy resource produced from the heat of Earth's interior

Solar Power

Heat and light from the sun

Gross Domestic Product

The value of all goods and services produced within a country

Industrialized Countries

Countries that rely more on industry than agriculture

Literacy Rate

Percent of people who can read and write

Developing Countries

Countries in different stages of moving toward development

Third World Countries

Developing countries that lack economic opportunities

Free Enterprise

An economic system in which people, not government, decide what to make, sell, or buy,

Command Economy

An economy in which the government owns most of the industries and makes most of the economic decisions

Tradition Based Economy

Exchange of goods or services based on custom and tradition

Exports

Products a country sells to other countries

Imports

Products a country buys from other countries

Interdependence

Depending on another country for resources or goods and services

Birthrate

Number of births per 1,000 people in a year

Death Rate

Number of deaths per 1,000 people in a year

Population Density

The average number of people living within a square mile or square kilometer

Over Population

More people than a region or country can self-support

Migration

Movement of people

Immigrant

Person who arrives from another country

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