5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Reform Act 1832
- Frankfurt Assembly
- dialectical materialism
- Giuseppe Garibaldi
- a Italian nationalist whose "Red Shirts" freed Sicily from Spain then united it with northern Italy.
- b Marx' theory that the patterns of conflict in history are over money
- c Conservatism stressed on tradition, a hereditary monarchy/absolutism, having what's best for the community overrided individual rights, no revolutions and an official church.
- d tried to unify Germany, but failed since Frederick William IV of Prussia declined to rule a unified Germany
- e in England,gave new urban communities some voice in govt.; suffrage extended only to upper-middle class
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- idea advocating the freedom of the individual, protection of basic rights, separate church & state, limited suffrage, peaceful opposition to govt., laissez-faire economy.
- stemmed from ideas of Alexander Herzen author of "Land and Freedom"; Movement to increase the lower-class' power; The group "People's Will" assassinates Alex. II, which creates a pendulum effect in Alex. III to repress
- Metternich dismissed --> liberal concessions --> Hungary gains independence thanks to Lajos Kossuth
- The Quadruple Alliance (G.B., Russia, Prussia & Austria) met in 1814 to organize Europe after Napoleonic wars. Restored legitimate monarchs to Bourbon French and Spanish thrones. Congress was fairly successful, since the next 100 years of Europe were fairly peaceful. Congress dominated by Klemens von Metternich of Austria, who is conservative and fears nationalism and liberalism, therefore closed to reform.
- wrote "Comm. Manifesto" w/Karl Marx; exposed to "wage slavery"; author of "Cond. of Work. Class in Eng."
5 True/False Questions
Revolution of 1848 → group under Adolphes Thiers overthrows Louis-Philippe & Guizot. New provisional govt. wants new constitution w/all male suffrage and sets up national workshops for the unemployed under Louis Blanc. This revo. sets off many others in foreign European nations.
Utopian socialism → derived from ideas of Fr. Charles Fourier & his philansteries; against private property and the competitve spirirt of industrial capitalism. Goal: equality at home & work
Mary Shelley → English Romantic who wrote "Frankenstein"- shows humans can't control nature
John Stuart Mill → "On Liberty"-led the utilitarian movement-"greatest good for greatest number", argued for full freedom of speech and equality of sexes
Charles Dickens → English realist writer whose novels depicted lower & middle class