APUSH People Pt1

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20 terms

Glorious Revolution

The colonists hoped that the change in British leadership(caused by this event) would help stop Britain's attempts to restrict America's self-government.

Adam Smith

Wrote "A Wealth of Nations" which advocated for the government to stay out of the economy. He called for laissez faire economics.

Benjamin Banneker

This individual was the first African American to publish a scientific book, The Almanac. He was a mathematician and author, defying the stereotype that African Americans were unintelligent.

Benjamin West

This individual was a famous painter of the Revolutionary War era.

Betsy Ross

Legendary seamstress who sewed the first American flag.

Charles Cornwallis

British general during the American Revolution. The war ended when he surrendered his army at Yorktown.

Cult of Domesticity

A term that refers to the characteristics and traits of how a woman should act in society, sometimes refered to as the cult of True Womanhood.

Chesapeake

This is a region that contains most of the coastline of Virginia and Maryland. The Potomac river empties into the bay that has the same name as the same name as the region.

Pontiac's Rebellion

A series of sieges against British military posts by the Native Americans around the Great Lakes. Native Americans realized that the British were not going to leave their land after the French and Indian War and took matters into their own hands.

Iroquois Confederacy

A native American tribe's alliance that was created in the 1500's. The tribes in the alliance agreed not to go to war with one another. They helped the British win the French and Indian war. Originally made up of five tribes.

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

The first successful constitution in North America. Said that power comes from the people and the will of the majority should be carried out by government.

Gaspee Incident

A british ship crashed on the coastline of Rhode Island while enforcing the Navigational Acts. The colonists found out and burned it.

Galloway Plan

This plan was created after the Suffolk Resolves were created. Conservatives in Congress wanted to bring union between the colonies and Britain. It called for having colonies remain part of britain, but also remain self governing. The plan was presented to the continental congress and was defeated by one vote.

George Mason

Wrote Virginia's Declaration of Rights which influenced Jefferson's Declaration of Independence and the basis of the Bill of Rights. Initially opposed ratification of the Constitution when it lacked the Bill of Rights.

George Whitefield

A leader of the Great Awakening, known for his speaking and sermon abilities.

Albany Plan of Union

Plan for colonial unity created by Ben Franklin before the French and Indian war. Called for inter-colonial counsel to handle various govt. responsibilities including a colonial defense. Was rejected by various colonial assemblies trying to preserve power.

Anne Bradstreet

Female author from Massachusetts who was the first published American poet. Wrote "Contemplations"

Anne Hutchinson

Outspoken Puritan who was banished to Rhode Island for radical testimonies of God. Later killed by Natives in 1643.

Antoine Cadillac

French explorer and colonist; commanded the fur trade near Great Lakes; created Detroit. Commanded the key fur trade post at Michilimackinac near the convergence of Lakes Superior, Michigan, and Huron.

Baron von Steuben

German, who trained the American forces at Valley Forge. The training he provided for Washington's army helped them become much more efficient for the remainder of the war.

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