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Chapter 2

Culture

The term _____ refers to the ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and material objects that, together form people's way of life.

Society

People who interact in a defined territory and share a culture are known as a _____

Culture Shock

Going to another culture can cause _____ _____, or personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way if life.

Symbol

A _____ is anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture.

Language

A system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another is known as _______.

Cultural Transmission

______ refers to the process by which one generation passes culture to the next.

Sapir-Whorf Thesis

The ____ _____ refers to the idea that people see and understand the world through the cultural lens of language.

Values

______ are culturally defined standards by which people assess desirability, goodness and beauty, and that serve as a broad guidelines for social living.

Beliefs

____ are specific ideas that people hold to be true.

Norms

_____ refer to rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members

Mores

Norms that are widely observed and have great moral significance are called ______

Folkways

______ are norms for routine, casual interaction.

Technology

_____ refers to knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundings.

Hunting and gathering

The use of simple tools to hunt animals and gather vegetation is for food called ______ _______.

Horticulture

_____ is the use of hand tools to raise crops.

Pastoralism

The domestication of animals is known as _____.

Agriculture

Large scale cultivation using plows harnessed to animals or more powerful energy source is called ________.

Industry

_____ is defined as the production of goods using advanced sources of energy to drive large machinery.

Post-industrialism

______ refers to the production of information using computer technology.

High cultural

Cultural patterns that distinguish a culture's elite are known as _____ _____.

popular culture

_____ _____ refers to cultural patterns that are widespread among a society's population.

subculture

The term _____ refers to cultural patterns that set apart some segment of a society's population.

Multiculturalism

_____ is a perspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the US and promoting respect and equal standing for all cultral traditions.

Euro-centrism

_____ refers to the dominance of European (especially English) cultural patterns.

Afrocentrism

_____refers to the dominance of African cultural patterns.

Counter-cultural

A _____ refers to cultural patterns that strongly oppose those widely accepted within a society.

Cultural integration

_____ _____ refers to the close relationships among various elements of a cultural system.

Cultural lag

The fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, which may disrupt a cultural system is known as ______.

ethnocentrism

The practice of judging another culture by the standards of one's own culture is known as _______.

Cultural relativism

_____ refers to the practice of evaluating a culture by its own standards.

Cultural universals

Traits that are apart of every known culture are referred to as _____ _____.

Sociobiology

_____ is a theoretical approach that explores ways in which human biology affects we create culture.

True

Nonmaterial culture refers to the intangible world of ideas created by members of a society.

False

The term society refers to a shared way of life.

False

Values are defined as rules and expectations by which society guides the behavior of its members.

False

Mores are norms that have little moral significance within a culture.

True

Technology is defined as the knowledge that people apply to the task of living in their surroundings.

True

We all participate in numerous subcultures without becoming very committed to them.

False

The practice of judging any culture by its own standards is referred to as ethnocentrism.

False

structural-functionalist argue that there are no cultural universals.

Culture is.....

The ways of thinking, the ways of acting, and the material objects that together form a people's way of life

Culture shock is

The personal disorientation that accompanies exposure to an unfamiliar way of life is termed

3 million years

About _____ ago, our ancestors climbed down from the trees in central Africa to move around in the tall grasses

the Yanomamo are

a technologically primitive horticultural society living in South America

Thinking person

Homo sapiens is a Latin term that means

Wakka Wakka is

A language

Values and Norms

Which of the following identifies 2 of the elements of culture?

Language

A system of symbols that allows members of a society to communicate with one another is the definition of

Values

Culturally defined standards of desirability, goodness, and beauty that serve as broad guidelines for social living, is the definition for.......

Beliefs

Specific ideas that people hold to be true are?

Norms

Rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members

Structural functional analysis

_____draws on the philosophical doctrine of idealism

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