NEW ENGLAND COLONY; William Bradford took pilgrims (knowns as separatists in England) to america because they didnt agree with Church of England. Took Mayflower. 10 years later John Winthrop took more puritans over to america with a charter from the king.
an agreement of they would live on the Mayflower
a person who left England for religious freedom
NEW ENGLAND COLONY; Roger Williams was kicked out of Mass. for not worshiping god like the puritans wanted him to. He took his family south and bought land from indians. later Anne Hutcherson came along for the same reason. They started the colony Rhode Island.
Rhode Islands largest industry
NEW ENGLAND COLONY; Thomas Hooker didnt agree with Mass. laws and leadership so he took followers west to fertile land.
the right to let all men vote in the puritan church
MIDDLE COLONY; Dutch West Indies founded the land first, then Duke of York from England took over. New Yorkers soon started protesting his laws because they were unfair to everyone. The people created 15 laws but the Duke did not approve. Later Jacob Liesler formed a rebellion and then became the leader of New York
MIDDLE COLONY; king granted William Penn the charter to 1.repay a dept he wed his father and 2. it would keep Penn from started trouble because of his Quacker lifestyle. He took many people to America to live how they wanted to.
SOUTHERN COLONY; Cecil Calvert moved to maryland because of his father who died before the king granted him the charter. Calvert was unhappy with how Roman Catholics were treated so moved and named his brother, Leonard Calvert governor. Leonard passed a law that gave religious liberty.
SOUTHERN COLONY; Sir Walter Raleigh founded the land with his crew then sent John Smith back to England for more supplies and food for them to settle. When Smith came back they all disappeared. Tobacco was important for their economy. But finding workers was tough.
SOUTHERN COLONY; James Oglethorpe wanted people who owed debts to have a better life than going to jail so went to america. King granted charter so the spanish in florida wouldnt move north. the spanish kept attacking but Oglethorpe fought them off. He also had a very specific laws of no acohol and slaves. The people were not happy, they wanted large plantations to make money. Oglethorpe soon became broke and lost all of his money trying to make the perfect colony.
the people within the kingdom who would pass the laws he king or queen had suggsted
English Bill Rights
a list of rights that belonged to the people. Meaning you could go to trial against the king
What are the 5 social classes?
upper, middle, lower, indentured servant, slaves
West Africa would trade rum, cloth, and guns for Africans to work in plantations. but was very unlikely to have a better life for themselves
(atlantic slave trade) when they would take the african slaves over to america. It was very bad living conditions. many died, and not alot of space
Examples of self governing
Education in Southern Colonies
sometimes neighbors would get together and hire a tutor to teach their kids
Education in Middle Colonies
education was based on your religion. most of the time they would go to church schools or the older kids would educate the younger siblings
Education in New England Colonies
public schools were required. they were the higher educated students
Transportation in the Colonies
cities were usually next to the waterfront (the heart of the city) where ships would bring in new things from england
Why people colonized
when preachers were getting the feeling that people were losing their faith so they went town to town giving 'revivial' meetings
a government based on the name of god
an elected group of law makers
What was colonial life like? How does it differ if you were poor,rich,city, farm..?
if you lived on a farm, you had lots of work to do. you made everything you would eat and wear. In the city, it was crowded and smelly with animals and people selling animal products.
crops that were worth alot of money; rice, indigo, and tobacco
someone who works for a certain amount of time to work off a debt they owe
large farms where they would grow cash crops. slaves would normally work the farms
a charter that states the king had to obey the laws too
how did the puritans strict beliefs lead to some people being accused of witches
people were accusing people of being cursed if you thought something was wrong. They were scared satan had come