Reports nationally important stories as accurately as possible
Articles with authors who write analysis with particular points of view or political ideology.
Written by an editor who represents the opinions of the owners of the news paper.
Someone who is part of something bigger and is responsable
Thomas Jefferson Quote
"I know of no safe depository of the ultimate powers of the society but the people themselves; and if we think them not enlightened enough to exercise their control with a wholesome discretion, the remedy is not to take it from them but to inform their discretion."
Education (Latin root)
to draw out
Framework for Analysis
1. Built on terms or concepts
2. Classify what you study
3. Explain what is studied
4. Serves as a guide to action
Focuses on determining and testing ideas by confronting them with data, asks "what is?" Can be tested
How to test empirical data
1. Data quality
2. Data collection
Focuses on what ought to be. Relies upon empirical analysis and can be tested
Focuses on what is possible, identifies limits and constraints on achieving goals. Uses public opinion to decide
Constraints/Limits for feasibility analysis
1. Public Opinion 2. People Power 3. Money 4. legality 5. Ethics 6. Resources
Who gets what, when, and how in society
Ability of actor A to get actor B to do what actor B would not ordinarily do
Use of power, how actor A gets actor B to do things
Someone who holds an elected government position
Obama; will win democratic vote because there are no other opponents
Debates before the 1st primary.
States with early primaries
Iowa, New hampshire, South Carolina, and Florida
Held for the winners of the primaries
Political thinkers, participate in primaries
45% of Republican party
Courts ability to take money from a persons pay check in order to pay child support
Public acceptance of those officials who hold and use power
The legitimate use of power
Societal institution which claims a monopoly on the legitimate use of force within a given territory
Political involvement viewed as ennobling and fostering character. To DO and not just THINK.
Greek political community
Opposite of a citizen, concerned with own self interest and ignores needs of the community
First political philosopher; created table of good and bad governments and believed that all governments can become selfish very easily
Aristotle's Government types
Monarchy --- Tyranny
Aristocracy --- Oligarchy
Polity --- Democracy
Every individual makes the rules/laws.
Republic; selected people elect people for positions of power/representation (current american democracy)
When people treat an abstract belief or idea as if it were a concrete event or physical entity. People forget that the idea or belief originated with people creating the idea of belief
Philosophy of knowledge; "How do I know what I know?"
Used empirical evidence (telescope) to justify radical democracy
People can see it with their own eyes, dont need the church to tell them; everyone is equal in that sense.
Argued that the sun was the center of our universe, challenging the Church's belief that the earth was the center of our universe
Said that planets moved around the sun
Rationalism and skepticism; asked "How do I know I exist?"
Founder of Physics; studied the natural laws of the physical universe
Wrote "Leviathan" in order to justify a monarchy based on science
The Right to Life
Hobbes believed that humans in the state of nature are driven by the fear of violent death, which gives rise to the natural right of self-preservation.
Thomas Hobbes Quote
"No arts, no letters, and which is worst of all, continual fear and danger of violent death, and the life of man solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short."
In order to secure self-preservation, people enter a social contract establishing a sovereign power who is not subject to civil law since by its will, it creates the law.
Wrote "Second Treatise of Civil Government." that helped form foundation for US government
All men are free and equal
All men share essential qualities that make them human (Locke)
Right to life, liberty, and estate (Locke)
Goals of the Constitution
1. Create a government that could balance freedom and order
2. Have a strong central government, but limit its powers using checks and balances
Came up with the framework for checks and balances using ideas from Locke and Montesqieu
Form and Foundation of the Constitution
Preamble, 7 articles, 27 amendments (first 10 being the bill of rights)
Legislature; created a House of representatives and Senate
Executive; gave President certain expressed powers
Relations among states
McCulloch v. Maryland
Court ruled in favor of national authority, arguing that creating a national bank was an implied power in the constitution and that through the "necessary and proper" clause, the government could extend beyond a narrow reading of the constitutions powers.
Marbury v. Madison
the Supreme Court asserted its power of Judicial Review
House of Representatives
The only place where citizens elected a person to national government; had power to originate all spending/taxes
2 members from each state elected by state legislatures
When the majority effectively determines what government does.
The preference of the special interest largely determines what government does
Great compromise; included separate judicial and executive branches as well as a two-chamber Congress
Sovereignty is divided between the national government and the states
"the laws of the United States shall be the supreme law of the land."
"The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States."
the expenditure of federal funds on programs run in part through state and local governments
can be used only for a designated activity
Less restrictive; Federal government specifies the general area in which the funds must be used, but state and local officials select the specific projects
Belief that the Federal government has extended its authority too far into areas traditionally governed through state and local governments