author trick: insertion of events that happened earlier
a short passage added at the end of a story
the character is gradually revealed through his or her personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others
First Person Point of View
a character in the story is actually telling the story himself/herself
Limited Point of View
the story is told from the perspective of one of the characters whose information is restricted only to what he/she sees, hears, and feels.
the opposite of what is expected
a character type: a close friend or associate to whom secrets are confided or with whom private matters and problems are discussed
Writing or speech that is used to create vivid impressions by setting up comparisons between dissimilar things: 3 examples are metaphor, simile, and personification
literary description that appeals to the senses: sight, sound, smell, touch, taste
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
comparison not using like or as
words that have sounds that suggest their meaning
ex: the water gurgled down the drain.
a reference to another work of literature, person, or event; usually Biblical or Shakespearean