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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Random Sample
  2. Behaviorism
  3. Experimentation
  4. Range
  5. Edward Titchener
  1. a Range = highest minus lowest (values in data set) (measure of variability)
  2. b exploring cause and effect - manipulate some factors while keeping others constant
  3. c each person in a group has an = chance of participating
  4. d Watson, Skinner, Pavlov; the view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes
  5. e structuralism, aimed to discover structures of the mind through introspection

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. experimental - group affected by experiment test; control - group that is not affected by changed variables
  2. examining one individual in depth to extrapolate to all
    weakness - atypical individuals -> wrong conclusions
    strength - suggest directions for further study
  3. psychoanalysis; id ego superego; austrian physician whose work focused on the unconscious causes of behavior and personality formation
  4. self/conscious personality & reason/logic
  5. random sample of self-reported attitudes, opinions, and behaviors
    weakness - answers depend on the way question is worded and respondents are chosen
    strength - can look at many cases for generalizing

5 True/False Questions

  1. Standard deviationcomputed measure of how much scores vary about the mean (measure of variability)

          

  2. Modeaverage (measure of central tendency)

          

  3. The Scientific Attitude (3 parts)Curiosity, skepticism, and humility

          

  4. Definition of Psychologydealt with conscious experiences and the importance of the individual. Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow

          

  5. Naturalistic observationobserving and recording behavior
    weakness - lack of control
    strength - applications to real life behavior

          

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