countries with a highly developed economy, with a strong service sector and often an industrial base
countries with less productive economies than developed countries and low standards of living
A way of measuring how much of an impact a person or community has on the earth. Someone who uses more natural resources will have a bigger footprint than someone who uses less.
science dealing with the relation of living things to their environment and to each other
The improvement of living standards by economic growth.
the area in which something exists or lives
when we exceed a renewable resource's natural replacement rate, the available supply begins to shrink
Human beliefs about what is right or wrong environmental behavior.
the study of how humans interact with the environment
Environmental Wisdom Worldview
beliefs that nature exists for all the earths species, not just for us, and we are not in cahrge of the rest of nature
How people think the world works, what they think their role in the world should be, and what they believe is right and wrong environmental behavior (environmental ethics).
the activity of protecting the environemnt from pollution or destruction
Environmentally Sustainable Economic Development
rewards environmentally beneficial and sustainable activities and discourages environmentally harmful and unsustainable activities
Environmentally Sustainable Society
Society that satisfies the basic needs of its people without depleting or degrading its natural resources
growth of a population that multiplies by a constant factor at constant time intervals
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
The total output of all economic activity in the nation, including goods and services.
Input Pollution Control
device or process that prevents a potential pollutant from forming or entering the environment or sharply reduces the amount entering the environment
the natural resources and natural services that keep us and other species alive and support out economies
large or dispersed land areas such as crop fields, streets, and lawns that discharge pollutants into the environment over a large area
resources that cannot be replaced
Output Pollution Control
Involving the cleaning up or diluting the pollutants after they have been created.
Per Capita Ecological Footprint
the average ecological footprint of an individual in a given country or area
Per Capita GDP
total GDP divided by the number of people in a country
An essentially inexhaustible resource on a human time scale. Solar energy is an example. Compare nonrenewable resource, renewable resource.
Planetary Management Worldview
Believe (1) we are the planets most important species; (2) there is always more, and its all for us; (3) all economic growth is good and the potential for economic growth is limitless (4) our success depends on how well we can manage earths life-support systems for our own benefit
A specific source of pollution that can be identified, such as a pipe.
release of pollutants from a single, clearly identifiable site
the act of contaminating or polluting
Device or process that removes or reduces the level of a pollutant after it has been produced or has entered the environment. Examples are automobile emission control devices and sewage treatment plants. Compare pollution prevention.
involves finding ways to stop generating waste pollution rather than ways to dispose of it
the state of having little or no money and few or no material possessions
the act of processing used or abandoned materials for use in creating new products
any natural resource (as wood or solar energy) that can be replenished naturally with the passage of time
a source of aid or support that may be drawn upon when needed
use again after processing
the mutual support and cooperation enabled by a social network
natural capital is supported by solar capital: energy from the sun.
Beliefs that (1) we are the planet's most important species but we have an ethical responsibility to care for the rest of nature; (2) we will probably not run out of resources but they should not be wasted; (3) we should encourage environmentally beneficial forms of economic growth and discourage environmentally harmful forms of economic growth; and (4) our success depends on how well we can manage the earth's life-support systems for our benefit and for the rest of nature. Compare environmental wisdom worldview, planetary management worldview, spaceship earth worldview.
Ability of the earth's various systems, including human cultural systems and economies, to survive and adapt to changing environmental conditions indefinitely.
Highest rate at which a renewable resource can be used indefinitely without reducing its available supply