The old order before the Revolution in France
1. Bourgeoisie (Rich/middle class - money, but no status) 2. Sans-culottes (city poor) 3. Farmers (more religious)
tennis court oath
vow by members of the 3rd estate not to disband until a constitution was written
The French national assembly summoned in 1789 to remedy the financial crisis and correct abuses of the ancien regime.
The political prison and armory stormed on July 14, 1789, by Partisian city workers alarmed by the king's concentration of troops at Versailles
list of grievances drawn up by delegates going to the meeting of the estates general
financial expert of Louis XVI, he advised Louis to reform his government, abolish tarriffs, but the First and Second Estates got him fired
King Louis XVI
King of France from 1774 to 1792; his unpopular policies helped trigger the French Revolution. He was executed by guillotine.
queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)
Olympe de Gouges
journnalist during the French Revolution who wrote on behalf of women's rights
French nobility who fled country to escape the Revolution
Parisian workers who wore loose-fitting trousers rather than the tight-fitting breeches worn by aristocratic men.
Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794.
Marquis de Lafayette
"hero of two worlds" who fought alongside George Washington in the American Revolution
a group, usually a small part of a larger group, united around some cause; disagreement within an organization
The year the French Revolution began with a peasant revolt that sought to limit the powers of the Catholic church and weaken the power of the nobility and monarch.
a port city in France, where a song was sung to fight against tyranny - now known as the national anthem of this country.
instrument of execution that consists of a weighted blade between two vertical poles
A leader of Jacobin at one time, slowly gained power until he ruled France like a dictator. The period of his rule became known as the reign of terror. Executed people for virtually no reason at all. (Comm. of Public Safety)
revolutionaries break into prisons across france and massacre thousands of many innocent people for fear that political prisoners will aid the austrian-prussian army
French general who became emperor of the French (1769-1821)
a vote by the electorate determining public opinion on a question of national importance
This was the civil code put out by Napoleon that granted equality of all male citizens before the law and granted absolute security of wealth and private property. Napoleon also secured this by creating the Bank of France which loyally served the interests of both the state and the financial oligarchy
economic warfare through use of blockading trade