# OMM: Chapter 1

## 38 terms

### hot, moist, hypertonic, boggy, and erythematous

Describe acute tissue texture changes

### cool, pale, fibrotic, pimply, dry, ropy, hypotonic

Describe chronic tissue texture changes

### How far the patient can move by themselves

What is the physiologic barrier

### How far past the physiologic barrier the doctor can move patient

What is the anatomic barrier

### Pathological limited ROM that exists before the normal physiological barrier

What is the restrictive barrier

### Thoracic and Lumbar only

What regions of the spine do Fryette Mechanic apply to

### Always neutral, SB and R opposite (one=opposite), usually occurs in groups of vertebre

Describe Fryette 1 mechanics

### SB than R, they are opposite directions so they are named opposite ABC order (Ex: T3NSrRl)

What is the proper order of naming Fryette 1 mechanics

### Either flexed or extended, SB and R together (two=together), usually involves just a single vertebra

Describe Fryette 2 mechanics

### R than SB, they are in the same direction so they are named the same as ABC order (Ex: T7FRlSl)

What is the proper order of naming Fryette 2 mechanics

### Motion of a segment in one plane effects the motion or ROM of that segment in another plane(s)

Describe Fryette 3 mechanics

### Dysfunction (Ex: T3SrRl means the person has the most movement at T3 when they are Sr and Rl)

What term is used to describe a person's freedom of motion and is also how their diagnosis is named

### Their restriction position is the exact opposite their freedom of motion/dysfunction position (Ex: if someone is T3 Rr their restriction at T3 is in left rotation)

What is meant by a patient's motion of restriction

### Means T10 is extended, RrSr on T11. Dysfunctions are named to describe the motion of the dysfunctional segment above the functional segment

What is the motion of T10 in relation to T11 if T10 is ERrSr

### The dysfunction is named according to the position that that segment feels the most free (the place where it behaves the most symmetric)

What does neutral, flexed, or extended mean when describing a dysfunction

### In a sagittal plane about a transverse axis

What axis and plane does flexion occur in

### In a sagittal plane about a transverse axis

What axis and plane does extension occur in

### In a coronal plane about an AP axis

What axis and plane does SB occur

### In a transverse plane around a vertical axis

What axis and plane does R occur

### Muscle is the same size, just increase in tension (pushing hands together)

What is isometric contraction

### Muscle gets shorter w/o any change in tension (biceps curl on way up:weight doesn't change, just muscle length)

What is an isotonic contraction

### Just means muscle gets shorter, has nothing to do with tension

What is concentric contraction

### Muscle get longer due to external opposite force (biceps curl on the way down)

What is eccentric contraction

### Forced muscle lengthening. Outside force overcomes your force and breaks contraction (loosing in arm wrestling)

What is isolytic contraction

### BUM-BUL-BM (Cervical, thoracic, Lumbar) Sacral has no facets

What is the acronym for describing position of superior facets of spinal vertebrae

### Treating the patient by placing their body into their restrictive barrier

What is direct treatment

### Treating the patient by placing their body away from their restrictive barrier (place them in position of ease)

What is indirect treatment

### Elderly, chronically ill, hospitalized, acute injuries

Who do you not do direct treatment on

### People easy to fx, severe RA, cancer near tx site, acute whiplash, anticoagulant use, hemophilia

Who do you not do HVLA on

### Upper thoracics, upper ribs, cervical spine (OA down), upper extremities

What is the sequence of treatment for upper extremities

### Lower thoracic spine, lower ribs

What is the sequence of treatment for lower ribs

### Lumbar spine, Psoas or other low back problem areas, lower extremities

What is the sequence of treatment for lower extremities

### Lumbar spine (L5) to sacral spine

What is the sequence for sacral spine

### Lawrence Jones

Who developed Counterstrain

### Stanley Schiowitz

Who developed facilitated positional release

### Andrew Taylor Still

Who developed myofascial release

### Fred Mitchell

Who developed muscle energy

### Andrew Taylor Still

Who developed HVLA