theatre exam one

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theatre

something is seen, something is done, an action is witnessed

theatre

the building itself where plays are held

theatre

the company, troupe, players, or ensemble

theatre

an occupation

big enough for someone to do something and for someone to watch

what's the minimum requirement for a "space" to be considered a theatre?

more people-> more minds-> better collaborated; share your passion with; money->expensive to put on a show

why form a company?

share the same passion; the kind of story they want to tell

what defines a particular troupe or ensemble?

style, region, or even the work of a particular playwright

"theatre" can be used to describe what?

producer

what theater profession's responsibilities include financing the production?

directing

boss of that particular performance

acting

go on stage and perform

designing

sound, set, lighting, costume, props (in charge)

building

construction, electricians, carpenters

crewing

run every night (control special effects)

stage manager

in charge of on stage

house managing

theatre profession includes the responsibility of admitting and seating audience members

playwrights

write the plays

performance going on a specific time in specific place, audience, paid, stars, passionate, costumes, managers, live

items in common between theatre and sports

theatre is scripted, sports are not-dont know how sporting events will end

differences between theatre and sports

art

the attempt to communicate something and self-express yourself

help us grow

what are the goals of art?

mediocrity

what is artistic death?

the mask

in classical times, what physical and symbolic element separated the actors from the audience

presentational and representational

two primary performance modes..

presentational mode

direct to the audience, acknowledgement

representational mode

as if there is no audience.. "the fourth wall"-actors pretend audience isn't there

no one dies but we believe they do anyway
samual coleridge

what does "the suspension of disbelief" mean?
who said it?

empathy for the character, stimulated, entertained, engaged in some way

what does the audience want out of a performance?

scripted and rehearsed but still live every time
audience rapport (energy-characters feed off of it)

two ways in which live performance is different from a television or film presentation..

play

-life framed to become art (human action)
-an event taking place in real time-in front of an audience
-"dramatic" literature-not meant to be read->should be acted out
-willing exhibitionism-willing to conquer public speaking

duration, genre

ways of classifying plays

spilt up the day; things to do between lunch and dinner; before bed, after dinner

in western drama, a full length play traditionally lasts 2 to 3 hours, why?

tragedy, and comedy

two types of theatrical genres

catharthis

what is the word which describes the purging or cleansing of negative energy which the audience should feel at the conclusion of a tragedy?

protagonist

good person, heroic, good background, however has a tragic flaw

antagonist

bad thing, force that opposes protagonist

comedy

-plot requires a happy ending
-social rather than metaphysical conflict (fake place between people)
-share many of tragedy's themes
-excess are punished but in an amusing way

true

true or false..
a tragic hero battles larger than life forces and super-human antagonists

false

true or false..
in the ancient greek theatre, comic characters encounter larger than life comic obstacles.

dark comedy

what kind of play begins comically but ends disturbingly?

history plays

what type of play deals with kings or heads of state?

farce

what type of play employs exaggerated comic characters in a wildly hilarious treatment of a trivial theme?

dramaturgy

what classical critical work analyzed a play through the division of its parts?

exposition

what word best describes the background information which is presented within a play that the audience must have in order to understand the action of the piece?

denouement

what is the word that describes the resolution that follows the climax in a play?

climax

what is the word that describes the moment of maximum tension in a play when the conflict can no longer be sustained?

kind

what does the french word "genre" mean?

thespis: the "first" anchor-ancient greek

what is the origin of the word thespian?

presentational and representational

what are the two notions of acting as defined by cohen?

presentational notion

a strong flexible body, a trained voice, dance training, stage combat training, acrobatics/gymnastics, circus skills, and puppetry skills

representational notion

"becoming the character", stanislavski system, the american "method"

the "method"

what is the name of the American acting technique which is based on the work of Konstantin Stanislavski?

sides audition

what type of audition uses readings from the actual performance script?

blocking

the specific staging of a play's movements, ordinarily by the director; refers to the precise indications of where actors are to move, moment by moment, during the performance.

subtext

the deeper and usually unexpressed "real" meanings of a character's spoken lines. according to stanislovski

true

true or false:
an actor's physical instrument is trained to strengthen his/her presentational skill set?

body, voice, and brain

what is the actor's instrument?

false

true or false:
an actor's inner psychological preparation refers to the presentational mode of acting?

action-what people are doing

what is the "core of every play"?

external (dialogue and physical actions)
internal (psychology and author's voice)

What are the playwright's two primary tools?

compression

what is the word used to describe the technique playwrights use to condense a story into a theatrical time frame

linear

what is the word that describes a point to point chronological plot line?

gravity

what quality of a play, described by cohen, refers to a piece that deals with issues of serious or lasting significance?

false

true or false:
actors are in demand so the market is not very competitive

stage presence (virtuosity)

what is the word that describes an actor's charisma and confidence on stage?

pertinence

what is the quality of a play, as defined by cohen, that refers to a piece that includes many details about the world where the play takes place

false

true or false:
playwrights always work closely with directors and actors during the rehearsal process

true

true or false:
a play is said to have depth of characterization when the characters act as mouthpieces for the playwrights views and opinions

false

true or false:
a play must include dialogue to be considered legitimate

Lee Strasberg

who founded the actor's studio?

false

true or false:
a prepared audition should be between five and ten minutes in length, focusing on one piece primarily to show the actors depth of character

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