exploring medical terms chapter 5, medical terms

66 terms by burgoobwah 

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Atelectasis

Incomplete expansion

Bronchiectasis

Dilation of the bronchi

Bronchogenic carcinoma

Cancerous tumor originating in a bronchus

Bronchopneumonia

Diseased state of the bronchi and lungs usualy caused by infection

Diaphragmatocele

Hernia of the diaphragm

Epiglottitis

Inflammation of the epiglottis

Hemothorax

Blood in the chest/pleural space

Laryngotracheobronchitis

Inflammation of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi. Abbr. LTB the acute form is called croup

Lobar pneumonia

Pertaining to the lobe(s); diseased state of the lung

pleuritis or pleurisy

inflammation of the pleura

pneumatocele

hernia of the lung. lung tissue protrudes through an opening in the chest

penumoconiosis

abnormal condition of dust in the lungs. caused by excessive inhalation of mineral dust. when a disease is caused by a specific dust it named for the dust ex. silicosis(silica)

pneumonia

diseased state of the lung. the infection and inflammation are caused by bacteria such as strep, staphyl, pneumococcus, and haemophilis; viruses and fungi

pneumothorax

air in the chest (pleural space), which causes collapse of the lung often a result of an open chest wound

pulmonary neoplasm

pertaining to in the lung, a benign new growth

pyothorax or empyema

pus in the pleural space or chest

rhinitis

inflammation of the mucous membranes in the nose

rhinomycosis

abnormal condition of fungus in the nose

rhinorrhagia or epistaxis

rapid flow of blood from the nose

thoracalgia

pain in the chest

tonsillitis

inflammation of the tonsils

tracheostenosis

narrowing of the trachea

acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

respiratory failure as a result of disease or injury. symptoms- dyspnea, tachypnea, and cyanosis

asthma

respiratory disease characterized by paroxysms of coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath, which caused by construction of airways that is reversible between attacks

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

a progressive lung disease that restricts air flow, which makes breathing difficult. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are the two main components of COPD but it may also be cause by chronic asthmatic bronchitis. Most COPD is a result of cigarette smoking.

coccidioidomycosis or valley fever or cocci

fungal disease affecting the lungs and sometimes other organs

cor pulmonale

serious cardiaac disease associated with chronic lung disorder such as emphysema

croup

condition resulting from acute obstruction of the larynx, characterized by a barking cough, hoarseness and stridor. It may be caused by viral or bacterial infection, allergy, or foreign body. Occurs mainly in children.

cystic fibrosis

hereditary disorder f the exocrine glands characterized by excess mucous production in the respiratory tract, pancreatic deficiency, and other symptoms.

deviated septum

one part of the nasal cavity is smaller because of malformation or injury of the nasal septum

emphysema

stretching of the lung tisshe cause by the alveoli becoming distended and losing elasticity

influenza or flu

highly infectious respiratory disease caused by a virus

Legionnaire Disease

a lobar pneumonia caused by the bacterium Legionella pneumophilia

obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)

repetitive pharyngeal collapse during sleep which leads to absence of breathing and can produce daytime drowsiness and elevated blood pressure

pertussis or whooping cough

highly contagious bacterial infection of the respiratory tracht characterized by an acute crowing inspiration or whoop

pleural effusion

fluid in the pleural spaced caused by a disease process or trauma

pulmonary edema

fluid accumulation in the alveoli and bronchioles

pulmonary embolism (PE)

matter foreign to the circulation, carried to the pulmonary artery and its branches, where it blocks circulation to the lungs that can be fatal if of sufficient size or number. Blood clots broken loose from deep veins of the lower extremities are the most common source of the emboli

tuberculosis (TB)

an infectious disease, cause by an acid fast bacillus most commonly spread by an inhalation of small particles and usually affecting the lungs

upper respiratory infection (URI) or cold

infection of the nasal cavity, pharynx, or larynx

adenoidectomy

excision of the adenoids

adenotome

surgical instrument used to cut the adenoids

bronchoplasty

surgical repair of a bronchus

pleuroplexy

surgical fixation of the pleura

thoracocentisis or thoracentisis

surgical puncture to aspirate fluid from the chest cavity

tracheostomy

creation of an artificial opening into the trachea

capnometer

instrument used to measure carbon dioxide

oximeter

instrument used to measure oxygen

spirometer

instrument used to measure breathing

acapnia

condition of absense or less than normal level of carbon dioxide in the blood

anoxia

conditino of absense or deficiency of oxygen in the blood

bronchospasm

spasmodic contraction in the bronchi

diaphragmatic or phrenic

pertaining to the diaphragm

endotracheal

pertaining to with in the trachea

eupnea

normal breathing

orthopnea

able to breathe easier in a straight upright position

phrenospasm

spasm of the diaphragm

rhinorrhea

discharge from the nose as in cold

tachypnea

rapid breathing

mucopurulent

containing both mucus and pus

nebulizer

a device that creates a mist used to deliver medication for giving respiratory treatment

paroxysm

periodic, sudden attack

patent

open, allowing passage of air through airways

sputum

mucous secretion form the lung, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth

ventilator

mechanical device used to assist with or substitute from breathing

bronchodialator

agent causing the bronchi to widen

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