Middle Ages Test Review

48 terms by pawneesue 

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fief

Land, in general, under the feudal system

pilgrims

Medieval Christians who visited the Holy Land to visit places in which Jesus lived and died (plural)

bishops

Noblemen of the church who sometimes ruled over large land holdings and had knights under them (plural)

freemen

These people rented land from the lord and could leave the manor

agriculture

The foundation of medieval society; 'it' employed the majority of the population

500-1500

The Middle Ages lasted from___________AD

vassal

Lower lord or bishop

troubadours

Most of their songs dealt with love between knights and ladies etc.

homage

Act of swearing allegiance or obedience to a lord

liege lords

Lords who had the right to feudal allegiance (plural)

demesne

Each person's land was called_____

investiture

The vassal agrees to fulfill obligations to a lord and receives land in return

feudalism

A political system which results from the lack of a strong centralized government

political economic

While feudalism was the________system of this period, manorialism was the_______system (2 terms)

castle lands

The fiefdom consisted of the _____and_____ (2 terms and second one is plural)

ancient modern

Medieval refers to the period between_________and_________times (2 terms)

dark ages

A stormy period that marked the disintegration of the Roman Empire (2 terms)

protection army taxes

Loyal followers would receive_______ from the king on the condition that they would fight in his_______ and pay _____ to him (3 terms)

reeve

One who was in charge of the cultivation of the land

peasant serf villager villein

Four names that applied to the poor, unpaid people who lived on the manor (in alphabetical order)

land crossing

Two ways the lord grew more powerful was by taxing those who lived on his ____ and those_______his land (2 terms)

lay fallow oats wheat barley

The three field system consisted of one field to______ ______ or rest, one planted with _____, the last planted with ______ or barley (5 terms)

monks

Men who took vows of obedience, poverty, chastity; they lived together away from worldly temptations (plural)

nuns

Women who left home, lived together to save their souls (plural)

noblewomen

Ladies of the castle who supervised the upbringing of their children, made medicines, tended to the poor etc.

shepherds

Persons who tended sheep for the lord (plural)

knight-crusaders

Noblemen who sought to help recapture the Holy Land from the Turks (2 hypenated terms)

apprentice

A person just beginning their training in a trade

journeyman

A person who has learned his trade

bailiff

This person made sure that the work of the manor was done, produce sold, taxes collected

steward

This person kept track of the financial accounts of the manor

angles

The name of England came from this barbarian group's name

picts

This barbarian group liked to paint/tattoo their bodies blue

vikings

A particularly violent group of these barbarians were known as the 'berserkers'

vandals

This barbarian group looted, plundered, and destroyed various parts of Italy and Rome; Gaiseric was a famous leader

feudal lords became weak

1st reason why feudalism declined (in alphabetical order and 4 terms)

peasants ceased being serfs or villeins

3rd reason why feudalism declined (in alphabetical order and 6 terms)

ordinary people gained respect

2nd reason why feudalism declined (in alphabetical order and 4 terms)

people wanted to be part of a nation, not a manor

4th reason why feudalism declined (in alphabetical order and 11 terms)

strong kings emerged

5th reason why feudalism declined (in alphabetical order and 3 terms)

buy his freedom

1st way that a villein could become free (in alphabetical order and 3 terms)

enter the service of the church

2nd way that a villein could become free (in alphabetical order and 6 terms)

escape capture for a year and a day

3rd way that a villein could become free (in alphabetical order and 8 terms)

perform a brave deed

4th way that a villein could become free (in alphabetical order and 4 terms)

bake bread in the lord's ovens

First privilege that a villein was allowed (in alphabetical order and 6 terms)

grind grain in the lord's mill

2nd privilege that a villein was allowed (in alphabetical order and 6 terms)

grow fruits and vegetables on the lord's land

Third privilege that a villein was allowed (in alphabetical order and 8 terms)

make wine in the lord's wine press

Fourth privilege that a villein was allowed (in alphabetical order and 7 terms)

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