Medical Terminology

121 terms by vkempe

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A combining form is

the root plus a combining vowel

Joint

arthr/o

Inflamation

-itis

prefix meaning under, deficient, or less than normal

hypo

Study of

-o/logy

Tumor of a gland

adenoma

visual examination of the urinary bladder

cystoscopy

prediction of an outcome

prognosis

nerve pain

neuralgia

ren/o

kidney

nephr/o

kidney

brain

cerebral

cancerous tumor

carcinoma

red blood cell

erythrocyte

cerebrovascular accident (CVA) can be caused by

thrombosis

an instrument to visually examine the urinary bladder

cystoscope

gastrectomy is the same as

gastric resection

glands that secrete hormomnes are

endocrine

cancerous white blood cells with high numbers of immature cells

leukemia

incision of the abdomen

laparotomy

maligant tumor of the flesh (connective tissue)

sarcoma

malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue

carcinoma

a doctor that performs autopsies and examines biopsy samples

pathologist

a record of the electricity in the brain

electroencephalogram

Inflammationof the small intestine

enteritis

Blood protein found in red blood cells

hemoglobin

the system that controls breathing

respiratory

an individual unit that each part of the body is composed of is called a (an)

cell

the system that supports the body and allows it to move is the

musculoskeletal

the voicebox is the

larynx

the tube leading from the bladder to the of the body is the

urethra

the endocrine gland located at the base of the brain is the

pituitary

the nervous tissue that is surrounded by backbone is the

spinal cord

the chest cavity is the

thoracic cavity

the membrane surrounding the organs in the abdomen is the

peritoneum

the bones of the hip

pelvis

The space in the chest that contains the heart and other organs is the

mediastinum

a backbone is a

vertebra

the backbones of the neck are

cervical

flexible connective tissue between the joints is

cartilage

the tailbone is the

coccyx

Anterior means

front

the plane that divides the body into right and left side is

sagittal

a series of x-ray images that show the body in a cross-section

CT scan

Pertaining to the skin

epithelial

Insision of the skull

craniotomy

pertaining to the throat

pharyngeal

inflammation of the membrane surrounding the lungs

pleuritis

the transverse plane

divides the body into upper and lower portions

visual examination of the abdomen by making a small incision near the navel is called

laparoscopy

-osis

abnormal condition

blood infection

septicemia

ear pain

otalgia

a condition in which the blood is held back from an organ

ischemia

a benign tumor of muscle

myoma

renal failure leads to this abnormal blood condition

uremia

enlargment of the liver

hepatomegaly

inflammation of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord

meningitis

the large intestine is called the

colon

disease of the muscle of the heart

cardiomyopathy

cancerous tumor of glandular (epithelial) cells is called

adenocarcinoma

discharge of blood during the menstrual period is called

menorrhea

a suffix meaning condition of hardening is

-sclerosis

pertaining to the groin

inguinal

condition of blood in the urine

hematuria

a myocardial infarction is a (an)

heart attack

a condition that lasts for a long time is called

chronic

a suffix that means resection is

-ectomy

a surgical procedure to remove fluid from the sac around the fetus is

aminocentesis

the removal of the fallopian tube

salpingectomy

x-ray record of the spinal cord

myelogram

removal of the pharyngeal lymph tissue

tonsilectomy

surgical repair fo the breast tissue

mammoplasty

separation of waste (urea) frmo the blood by filteration through a machine

hemodialysis

combining form for blood vessel

angi/o

creation of a new opening from the windpipe to the outside of the body

tracheostomy

treatment using drugs

chemotherapy

incision of the abdomen

laparotomy

not able to breath

apnea

before birth

antepartum

deficiency in the red blood cells or the hemoglobin within the red cells

anemia

excessive development

hypertrophy

a return of symptoms of an illness

relapse

difficult or painful urination

dysuria

a protein made by white blood cells and capable of destroying bacteria and viruses

antibody

an irregularity that occurs at birth

cogential anomaly

slow heartbeat

bradycardia

an artifical part

prostehesis

pertaining to under the sholder bone

subscapular

pertaining to both (two) sides

bilateral

process of recording sound waves to make an image of organs in the body

ultrasonography

endocrine glands that are near (above) each kidney

adrenal

the spread of cancerous tumor to another organ away fromthe original location

metastasis

two prefixes that mean "beyond"

ultra- and meta-

a word that means "complete separation" and is the process of seprarating wastes from the blood.

dialysis

a membrane that surrounds bone

periosteum

a prefix that has the same meaning as "ante"

pro-

poly- has a similar meaning with

hyper-

a group of symptoms that occur together is called a (an)

syndrome

a prefix that means "near, along the side of"

para-

abnormal collection of blood above the membrane covering the brain

epidural hematoma

two prefixes that mean "within"

endo- and intra-

if an organ slides or falls forward, the condition is called

prolapse

a specialist in treating glandular disorders is an

endocrinologist

a doctor trained to treat eye disorders

opthalmologist

a surgeon specializes in disorders of male reproductive system and urinary tract in males and females

urologist

a doctor who treats lung disorders

pulmonary specialist

a doctor who administers agents that cause loss of sensation during surgery

anasthesiologist

a doctor specializes in treatment of disease using high-energy radiation

radio oncologist

internal medicine is a specialty concerned with

diagnosis of disease and treatment with drugs

clinical means

pertaining to patient care

a doctor who specializes in operating on the chest

thoracic surgeon

Which doctor specializes in treating older patients

geriatrician

a disorder that is unexpectedly caused by treatment that is prescribed by a doctor is

iatrogenic

an opening from the kidney to the outside of the body is a

nephrostomy

enlargment of the heart is

cardiomegaly

instrument to viuew the eye

opthalmoscope

discharge of fluid from the nose

rhinorrhea

a medical doctor who specializes in treating bone disorders is a (an)

orthopedist

inflammation of the large intestine

colitis

doctor who specializes in treatment of blood disorders

hematologist

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