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beowulf

provides an account of a scadinavian warrior who rids a community of monsters that have been ravaged by it. also lord of rings is based on

song of roland

powm which extolled Chalemange, embodied values of feudalism's chivalric code

Horn of Roland

constructed of elephant tusk

Monastery

St. Gall created by Charlemange considered to be ideal monastic life

refectory

dininghall

scriptorium

library

infirmary

hospital

novitate

school

Bayeux Tapestry

an embroidered document citing the events of the Norman invasion of England in 1066

Chartres Cathedral

claimed as a relic the tunic that the Virgin Mary wore when she gave birth th Christ

barrel vault

A romanesque arcitectural term referring to the elongated arched masonry structure spanning the interior space of a cathedral

voussoir

architetual term referreing the the wedge-shaped stones that form the arc in a church

mandorla

an almond shapec oval of light signifying divinity imported from the far east through bryzantium

venice

during the fourth crusade, manipulted it to its advantage thus becoming the most powerful city state in the eastern med.

stained glass in Gothic cathedrals

depicted stories of bibl and provided a visual guide to the scriptures for uneducated churcgoers

flying buttresses

built against the exterior of the building to provide support and to brace it against the wind

Jamb scultures on Chartres south

shows religious leaders such as St. Theodore who is the only one depicted in a contrapposto

latin

mandatory language taught at all medieval universities

Royal chapel of St. Chapelle

has the highest ratio of glass to stone in its construction

Allegory of Good Government

fresco painted by Ambrogio Lorenzetti in Siena, reflected new views of governemtn

maesta (virgin and Child)

pointed by Simone Martini hung in council chamber of Siena's palazzo

Florence

became textile industry capital for production in the western world

Giotto

painted Chapel in Padua, Italy. depicted naturalism

Issac in the Hebrew bible

the competetion to create a new set of dorrs for the batistry in Florence was based after

brunelleschi

won the competition to construct the dome on the Florence Cathedral

Masaccio's Tribute Money

painting showed new interest in 1 point perspictice as well as depiction of charecter in art. peter apears 3 times

Boticelli's Primavera

wan an allegorical painting with figures representing moral values, venus highest value

Davinci's The Last Supper

painted in a monastery refectory

Michaelangelo's David

based on the biblical hero David is carved from 1 block of marble

Raphael's school of Athens

have figures based on Greek philosophers aristotle and plato

Titian's Reclining Nude

depicts a more sensual portrayal of women with dog curled up asleep at foot of bed

Andrea Palladio's Villa La Rotunda

based on the Roman Pantheon design

Characteristics of the "Tempietto"

include classical reference, incorporation of origianl Roman columns and the mathematical orderless of its parts

triptych

work made of 3 parts, consisting of painted panels hinged together

the altarpiece of a triptych

also depicts the patrons of the altarpiece

double portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami

reflection of the artist himself can be seen in the mirror at the back of the room depicted

Garden of Earthly Delights

painted by Hieronymus Bosch

Isenheim Altarpiece

painted by Matthias Grunewald

The Large Turf

painted in watercolor by Albrecht Durer showing minute detail

printing press

porbably contributed the most to the spread of Martin Luther's ideas on reformation of the church

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