← Sparks Ch. 1 Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Ways of Knowing
- 4 major goals of science
- a the aim is to gain the greatest amount of understand from the smallest number of variables
- b prediction, explanation, understanding, control
- c descriptions of observations must be sufficiently detailed that other scientists will be able to replicate the observations
- d it should be possible to specify ahead of time what sort of data, if observed, would make the hypothesis false
- e Experience, authority, science
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- scientists must be specific about the methods of measurement used to investigate a given phenomenon
- consists of more than one statement; they yield hypotheses that are testable by observation.
- as time passes, new evidence may be expected to revises existing ways of thinking about a phenomenon
- foretelling the future
- scientists use inductive and deductive logic to achieve their goals. Theories must not contain logical inconsistencies
5 True/False Questions
empirically verifiable → it should be possible to specify ahead of time what sort of data, if observed, would make the hypothesis false
questions that are difficult to answer by scientific study → o Should media do something more than merely distribute whatever content will earn them the greatest profits in the shortest time?
o Should media become involved in identifying and solving social problems?
science → empiricism) direct experience; when it comes to knowledge of media effects many of us tend to rely on our own personal experience to reach a conclusion
general → the aim is to understand overall patterns of events. The larger the scope that is explained, the more useful the explanation is.
control → the aim is to understand overall patterns of events. The larger the scope that is explained, the more useful the explanation is.