Chapter 10 Vocabulary Words

22 terms by alexaalovesyeww

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Nucleus

directs cells activities

nucleolus

is inside of the nucleus

Cell Membrane

controls which substances move into and out of the cell

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

moves materials around the cell.

Ribosomes

produce proteins

Lysosomes

Cleans the cell.

Golgi Apparatus

packages and distributes materials from the ER.

Mitochondria

releases energy from food during cellular repiration

Diffusion

occurs when molecules move from an area of higher concentration of molecules to lower concentration of molecules.

cell divsion

the process in which one cell splits into two new cells that are genetically identical.

cell wall

a rigid layer that surrounds the cells of plants. Animal cells do not have a ____ ____.

Organelles

carry out specific functions within a cell.

cytoplasm

the cell consists of a thick water like fluid that moves constantly.

Chloroplast

makes food for cell during photosynthesis

Organ System

a group of organs that work together and perform 1 or more major functions

Vacuole

stores water, food, or other materials needed by the cell

cell cycle

regular sequence of growth and division that cells undergo

interphase

the first stage of the cell cycle

replication

the cell makes an exact copy of the DNA in its nucleus

chromosomes

Within the nucleus, DNA & proteins form threadlike structures which is ___________.

mitosis

second stage of the cell cycle; the cell's nucleus divides into 2 new nuclei & 1 set of DNA goes into each daughter cell

cytokinesis

the final stage of the cell cycle; it completes the process of cell division.

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