3 Written questions
3 Multiple choice questions
- A program of study including rhetoric and literature based on the classical world (500 BC-500 AD)
- Lorenzo Valla used critical textual analysis to discover that it was not in fact written by Constantine himself. Words were used that did not appear for 400 years after his death.
- The Prince (1513) was the first work of modern political thought; a resume in which he tried to convince the Medici to partake in his services of diplomat/official in the chancellery. Horrified by the domination of Italian peninsula, believed that a strong ruler could expel foreigners.
3 True/False questions
Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374) → Father of Humanism, decided to study literary classics. Coined "Dark Ages", learned classical Latin in order to read original works. Discovered Cicero's letters, created whole new writing style to mimic Cicero's
Erasmus (1466-1536) → The greatest northern humanist, collected cliches in Adages; used satire to criticize church's problems; Handbook of the Christian Knight emphasized inner faith vs. outer forms of worship (sacraments, etc.). Translated the Bible into Latin. Wanted to reform the church, NOT abandon it.
Johannes Gutenberg → Students that used Cicero's involvement in political causes for public classical education. Served in Florence as diplomats/worked in the chancellery office (official documentation). Took Petrarch one step further, studied Greek