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5.3-5.9 worksheet (to be quiz)

diffusion across a membrane

passive transport

moves solute against concentration gradient

active transport

any spread of particles from area of higher concentration to are of low concentration

diffusion

diffusion with the help of transport protein

facilitated diffusion

three types of endocytosis

pinocytosis, receptor-mediated endocytosis, phagocytosis

engulfing of fluid in membrane vesicles

pinocytosis

diffusion of water across selectively permeable membrane

osmosis

involves transport molecules that need ATP to function

active transport

enables cell to engulf bulk quantities of specific large molecules

receptor-mediated endocytosis

how oxygen and carbon dioxide enter and leave cells

passive transport

causes plant cell to become turgid

osmosis

engulfing of particle or object in membrane vesicle

phagocytosis

fusion of membrane-bound vesicle with membrane and dumping of contents outside cell

exocytosis

how a cell might capture bacterium

phagocytosis

causes cream to mix with coffee

diffusion

occurs from a hypotonic to a hypertonic solution

osmosis

two types of passive transport

osmosis, facilitated diffusion

occurs when Golgi apparatus exports proteins

exocytosis

how a cell maintains a higher K+ concentration and lower Na+ concentration than its surroundings

active transport

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