Schenck v. US
Founding of the "clear and present danger" rule
Gitlow v. New York
Federal gov can make states remove restrictions on bill of rights
Brandenburg v. Ohio
Extended freedom of speech to new limits. Threats of a KKK leader were deemed ok b/c of a failure to prove a real danger from them. Declared that speech is protected unless proven that actions directly incited the action
New York Times v. US
First Amendment did protect the New York Times' right to print Pentagon papers.
Miller v. California
Obscenity - no artistic, redeeming value, violate existing law, based on local standards.
Tinker v. Des Moines Indep. School
Wearing armbands - symbolic speech is not disruptive and is ok.
Texas v. Johnson
Burning flag protected under first amendment
New York Times v. Sullivan
First Amendment protects all publications, even if false, unless malicious intent.
Hazelwood v. Kuhlheimer
Schools not required to promote student free speech - can refuse to sponsor.
Gideon v. Wainright
Right to attorney
Mapp v. Ohio
Exclusionary Rule - Evidence obtained in violation of 4th can't be used.
Miranda v. Arizona
Furman v. Georgia
Inconsistent/arbitrary imposition of death penalty violates 8th and 14th.
Gregg v. Georgia
Reaffirmed courts acceptance of death penalty in the US
US v. Leon
Good faith exception
Maryland v. Craig
Child testimony through TV - not violation of confrontation clause.
Rasul v. Bush
Established that US Court system has authority to decide which prisoners in gitmo were wrongfully imprisoned
Hamdan v. Rumsfeld
Military commissions set up by Bush to try gitmo detainees lack power to proceed.
Brown v. Board of Education
Declaring segregated schools inherently inequal
Plessy v. Ferguson
Upholding state-enforced racial segregation.
Roe v. Wade
Declared all state laws prohibiting abortion unconstitutional
Rostker v. Goldberg
Congress may draft men but not women.
Swann v. Charolette/Mecklenburg
Fed can order districts to use quotas and force busing for racial proportion if segregation state imposed.
Regents of U. of California v. Bakke
Affirmative action - Use of specific quotas illegal, but race can be used.
Gratz v. Bollinger
Affirmative action - race given too much importance violates 14th.
Boy Scouts of America v. Dale
Private organizations have the right to determine who is in their group.
US v. Virgina
Struck down the Military Institute's male-only admission policy because women's institute not equal.
Lawrence v. Texas
No legitimate state interesest in invading privacy of adults in own home.
Tennessee v. Lane
Disabilities - dissabled can sue states for equal access to fundamental rights.
Reed v. Reed
Idaho law invalidated - males preferable to females in settling estates.