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Quiz 2 - African

Ewe Culture

-Very proud people with proud tradition of heroism in battle
-known as "Fierce Warriors"
- From Togo Area .. defeated many tyrannical kings to get there

Ewe Song and Meaning

Agbekor - means "Clear Life", resolution to hardship

3 Meanings of Agbekor

1. originally taken from hunters using to catch game, song and dance
2. came from use of battle prep
3. now used for funerals and important royalty celebrations

Reason for Agbekor

communicate with ancestral spirits, libations pour into ground to do so

Ewe Culture Instruments

four drums, bell, gourd rattles

Texture of Ewe Music

Polyphonic -- call response singing

Dagbamba Culture - Drummer

born into a line of royalty, that is how one became a drummer

"Ferocious Bill" - Dagbamba

taunting opponent, wild calls with tempting drum beat, vocalist and lunga drummer

Shona Culture-Location

Zimbabwe

"Cutting Branches for Shelter"

song that uses mbire -> bottle capes, highly responsible for bring spirits into plains

"Be Ashamed" - Who made this music?

Mapfuma's Chimurange Music

"Be Ashamed" - meaning

Political message, talking about people who were being colonized under many unfair conditions. he is saying the people should be outraged for this situation and they should stand up for what is right.

BaAka Culture Location

Tropical Central Africa

"Mabo" - BaAka Culture, significance

song and dance associated with net hunting. compared to EWE culture, there is only one drum

Texture of "Mabo"

Vocal Polyphony with yodeling sounds

Significance of the Forest to the BaAka

it is seen as divine --- God is everywhere in nature

Define Maghrib

the upper part of Africa

Define Sub-Saharan

Lower part of africa .. below the sahara

Define Libation

the giving of alcohol to someone to please them, in most cases, ancestors. they are given to the trees when they are sacrificed to become a drum. The alcohol is poured on the ground as means of communication to ancestors

Define Call-Response

standard vocal format of African Music

Define Colonization

foreign county entered another imposing their own stanard --- evident with Shona and Mapfuma's music "Be Ashamed"

Define Polyphonic

text that is comprised on multiple parts all of equal importance

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