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Zingariello Period 9

Zeus (Jupiter, Jove)

He is the thunderbolt-weilding King of the Gods who overcame the Titans.
His brothers are Poseidon and Hades.
He is the master of the skies and the land surface of the earth.

Hera (Juno)

The wife and twin sister of Zeus.
Her name means "protectress" in Greek and she is worshipped as the patroness of brides on their wedding night.
She can renew her virginity periodically by bathing in a sacred spring.

Aphrodite (Venus)

Her name means "born of foam" as she is said to have risen from the foam of the sea.
She is the goddess of beauty and sexual desire.
Her son is Eros (Cupid)

Hermes (Mercury)

His name means "pillar" or "phallus."
The son of Zeus by a nymph named Maia.
He is the god of crossroads and commerce.
He is the messenger of the gods with winged feet.
He is a clever trickster.

Apollo

His name means "apple man" or "destroyer."
He is the son of Zeus by Leto.
He is the sun-god, driving the chariot of the sun accross the heavens.
His twin sister is Artemis.

Artemis (Diana)

Twin sister of Apollo.
The goddess of the moon.
She is a perpetual virgin.

Ares (Mars)

His name means "warrior."
He is the god of war.
Unpopular among the gods of Olympus.
He is said to be the brother of Zeus and Hera.

Hestia (Vesta)

Her name means "hearth."
She is the patroness of the home and the hearth.

Poseidon (Neptune)

The god of the sea.
The brother of Hades and Zeus.

Hades (Pluto)

His name means "blind."
Lord of the Underworld.
Brother of Zeus and Poseidon.
He is wealthy because all the riches under the earth and the dead belong to him.

Athena (Minerva)

Born from Zeus' headache and she emerged from his head, fully grown, wearing a suit of armor.
She is the goddess of wisdom and justice.
She is the only Olympian to ever defeat Ares in battle.
Her symbol is the owl for being "wise."

Hephaestus (Vulcan)

He is the son of Zeus and the husband of Aphrodite.
He is the lame god of the forge.
He is the force behind a volcano.

Demeter (Ceres)

She is the goddess of agriculture and grain. The word "cereal" comes from her Latin name.

Dionysus (Bacchus)

He is the god of the vine, grapes, and wine, as well as the god of theater.

cronus

the father Zeus who dethroned him
leader of the Titans

eros (cupid)

god of love
cannot do or allow wrong

muses

nine in number
the daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne

pan

chief of the lesser gods of earth
son of hermes
noisy and merry god
part goat with a goats horns and hooves instead of feet
wonderful musican

io

Zeus' lover
in fear of Hera's jealousy
Hera turned her into the charge of Argus; a beast with 100 eyes
Hermes put Argus to sleep and killed him; Hera set his 100 eyes in the tail of a peacock
Hera sent a gad-fly to plague her to madness

Prometheus

fire from Olympus and gave it to mankind
Zeus punished him by chaining him to the rocky peak on Caucasus

Europa

daughter of the King of Sidon
had a dream about two continents in the shape of a women who tried to possess her; one continent was Asia and the other unnamed
sh and friends were picking flowers as Zeus watched
Cupid shot an arrow through Zeus' heart so that he fell madly in love with her
Zeus appeared to her in the form of a beautiful bull
She rode him to Crete where she bore him

Polyphemus

a cyclops who was the son of Zeus
Odysseus and his men ventured onto his island and were trapped in a cave with him blocking the exit
he ate two of odysseus' men
in the end, odysseus and his men escaped by piercing him in the eye with a burning wooden stake

Persephone

daughter of Zeus and Demeter
wife of Hades
she spent winter and fall in the underworld with Hades
she spent spring and summer on earth with her mother demeter

Narcissus

a beautiful young lad
he rejected all those who attempted to love him
one day he bent to drink from a pond, where he saw his own reflection and fell in love with himself
he fell into the pool and died, leaving a beautiful flower, the Narcissus

Hyacinthus

He was struck in the head playing discus in a competition with his dear friend Apollo
where his blood fell, a beautiful crimson flower grew up
Apollo inscribed the petals with his initials or some say "alas"

Adonis

both Aphrodite and Persephone were madly in love with him as a baby
Zeus decided that he should spend the autumn and winter with the Goddess of the Dead and spring and summer with the goddess of love and beauty
he was killed hunting a wild boar, and a crimson flower sprang up where his blood had stained the earth

Cupid

god of love
son of Aphrodite(Venus)
anonymous lover of Psyche

Psyche

a beautiful mortal women with whom Venus was jealous of
venus sent her son cupid to curse her, but he ended up falling in love with her
since no man would marry her, her father went to seek advice from Cupid, who told him to take her up to the summit of a rocky hill
they were married, but she never saw Cupids face, one night she lit a lamp and saw him, but accidentally stabbed him causing Cupid to leave her for her mistrust and suffering she caused him
in the end she and Cupid ended up together

Pyramus and Thisbe

fictional young lovers who lived in Babylon created by the poet Ovid
They communicated through a wall separating their parents' properties
died for love because of a misunderstanding (basis for Romeo and Juliet).

Orpheus

Son of one of the Muses and a Thracian prince
his mother gave him the gift of music
no one could resist the power of his music
loved the maiden Eurydice

Eurydice

married Orpheus but soon died from the bite of a viper
Orpheus was so overcome by her death that he was determined to revive her
he traveled to the underworld and used his song to demand Eurydice
but he was not allowed to look back at her, he looked just at the wrong moment and was forbidden to return to her alive
Maenads came upon him and severed his body
his limbs were laid to rest at the foot of Mount Olympus

Ceyx

king in Tessaly
son of Lucifer the light bearer
his wife was Alcyone; daughter of Aeolus king of the winds
on a long journey across the ocean he drowns on a ship
he is turned in to a bird because his wife, Alcyone prayed to the gods for him

pygmalion

thought his art was enough for him and that he did not need a woman
created a statue of a beautiful woman (Galatea) and fell in love with it
Venus brought Galatea to life

Baucis and Philemon

country wife and husband who were the only ones hin her town to welcome disguised gods Zeus and Hermes
they were granted a wish by Zeus
they chose to stay together forever and that when one dies the other would die too
changed into two trees who intertwined and grew together

Endymion

a shepherd
a youth of surpassing beauty
lulled to sleep by Selene
he was never conscious

daphne

a nymph who was transformed into a laurel tree to escape the amorous Apollo

Alpheus and Arethusa

the god of the river
pursued a nymph after she bathed in his river
Diana changed her into a fountain so he followed her under the sea and united with her on Ortygia

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