Marriage and Family Therapy

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Theory of Dysfunction

Bowen Theory

individuals cannot be understood in isolation from one another, but rather as a part of their family, as the family is an emotional unit. Families are systems of interconnected and interdependent individuals, none of whom can be understood in isolation from the system.

Goal of Bowen Family Therapy

is to is to increase the capacity of one or more members of the family to adapt to and deal with the vicissitudes of life

Experiential family therapy focus on

the relationships between people and their emotions.

Experiential therapists believe

that stifling emotions signal a tension between autonomy and connection.

Bowenian therapy looks

into the past for insight,

Structural therapy looks

into the current interactions between clients sitting in the room

Experiential therapy focuses

on the intrapersonal relationship between the individual and their emotions.

The overall therapeutic goals for a Bowenian therapist would be

to increase the levels of differentiation for all family members.

At the end of successful Structural therapy

clients will have ormal boundaries with each other.

Successful Structural therapy holds that

the parent subsystem will hold the most power in the family hierarchy.

The goal of an Experiential family therapist

would be to increase the range of emotional expression in the family

Structural and Experiential therapy focus

on the symptom resolution and systemic change,

Bowenian therapy focuses

the most on pure system change.

Structural family therapy work to

unbalance the current structure by blocking enmeshed behaviors between members of the family

One of the beliefs of Salvador Minuchen

is that clients cannot expect their family members to change out of internal desire

Minuchen also believed that

individual members must take on the task of changing their partners themselves.

Experiential therapy focuses more on

therapeutic techniques than overarching theory and the main tool of the therapist would be the tool of the self.

The primary technique of Experiential family therapy is to use

the self-of-the-therapist to promote self-exploration among family members.

The technique of the Experiential Therapist

is spontaneous, provocative, warm, and personal.

Experiential therapists would tolerate

emotionality in the therapy room and encourage enactments to practice new ways of function in the therapy room.

Experiential therapist would

align himself or herself with the family member who will instigate the greatest emotional response.

Experiential therapist would also not only tolerate, but also encourage

anxiety in order to compel the family to change.

The Bowenian therapist would work to impart

three important lessons to their clients: self-determination, self-advocacy, and re-engaging with the self in relationship.

The Structural therapist is not as concerned

with the self of their clients, but with the boundary between the self and the other.

The successful Structural client

client recognizes not only where they begin and end, but also what is helpful to take in and what should be rejected

The Experiential therapist

confronts the client so that they can confront themselves.

Bowenian therapy focuses

on relationship quality to improve relationship.

Structural therapy focuses

on boundaries between individuals to adjust power.

Experiential therapy focuses

on the individual's intrapsychic experience to improve relationships.

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