Unit 2: Human Origins

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Human ancestors

Tanzania

Mary Leakey found footprints of australopithecines here

Australopithecines

Which species's footprints did Mary Leakey find in Tanzania

Ethiopia

Where was Lucy was found?

Donald Johanson

Who found Lucy?

Australopithecus Afarensis

What species did Lucy belong to?

India, China, Southeast Asia, Europe

Where were all of the areas Homo Erectus migrated to?

Germany

Where quarry workers found Neanderthal bone fragments in 1856

1856

What year were the first Neanderthal bone fragments found?

Quarry workers

Who found the Neanderthal bone fragments in 1856?

Shanidar Cave, Iraq

Where did a Neanderthal funeral take place 60,000 years ago?

Robert Braidwood

Excavated an agricultural site in Jarmo and found the birthplace of civilization

Jarmo

The site where Robert Braidwood found the birthplace of civilization

Chad

Fossils found here from 6-7 million years ago

6-7 million years old

Age of human ancestor fossils found in Chad and Kenya

Kenya

Fossils of human ancestors also found here from 6-7 million years ago

Argentina

Cave paintings found here at Cuevas de las Manos

Cuevas de las Manos

In Argentina where cave paintings were found

Algeria

Cave paintings found here at Tassili n' Ager

Tassili n' Ager

Area in Algeria where cave paintings were found

France

Cave paintings found at Lascaux cave

France

Homo Erectus tools found here in Lascaux cave

Lascaux cave

Cave paintings and homo erectus tools found in this cave located in France

Spain

More cave paintings found here!

Indonesia

Java Man of the species Homo Erectus found

Nile River

Where early agriculture developed wheat, barley, and other crops

Huang He River

Rice and millet cultivated here

Mexico

Corn, beans, squash cultivated here

Peru

Potatoes and tomatoes cultivated here

Paleoanthropologist

studies old human ancestors

Taxonomy

Classification system

Carl Linneaus

Father of taxonomy

Australopithecus

First human ancestor genus

Homo

Several species in Homo Genus

Hominid

General term used to describe any number of upright walking animals

Bipedal

2 Feet

By clues in early ancestor bones

How do we know what we know about early humans?

Australopithicus Afarenis

Stood upright, social, had thumbs...LUCY!

Homo Habilis

Used tools, had larger brains, Africa

Homo Erectus

Fire, caves, cannibalism (perhaps), migrated out of Africa, used clothes, tools, stood fully erect, tall!

Neanderthals

Spiritual, had feelings, funerals, erect, tools, close hunting range, smart, found in Neander Valley, Germany

Sapiens

Cro Magnons, distant hunting, muscles, cave art

The first neanderthal ever found had arthritis and stood slouching over

Why is there the stereotype that Neanderthals slouched over?

The chart implies that human ancestors got taller and stood more upright as they became more modern, which is false. Homo Erectus was taller than 4/5 of men today after Homo Erectus, all species walked completely upright.

First misconception about the evolution chart

Male gender is always represented in these charts, which can give the misconception that the male population was larger than the woman.

Second misconception about evolution chart

Walking in a line gives the idea that they evolved from one another, which is incorrect. We share common ancestors but didn't morph from one another

Third misconception about the evolution chart

Paleolithic

Old Stone Age with hunting and gathering

Neolithic

New Stone age with farming and animal domestication

end of ice age, discovery of agriculture, how to trap the animals

Factors that historians believed that advanced the Neolithic Revolution?

Neolithic Revolution

The shift from food-gathering to food-producing

Lascaux, France

Where did the four boys stumble upon a huge cave filled with early cave paintings?

11-18 thousand years ago

How old was the cave that was found in france by four boys?

Sapiens

What hominid group made the cave paintings in france found by four boys?

Nomad

Follows its food

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