U.S. Treaties

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Treaty of Alliance

1778
A defensive alliance between France and the US, formed during the American Revolutionary War
Promised military support in case of attack by British forces indefinitely into the future.

Moroccan-American Treaty of Friendship

Morocco--first Sovereign state to recognize the U.S; oldest unbroken U.S. treaty

Clayton-Bulwer Treaty

1850 - Treaty between U.S. and Great Britain agreeing that neither country would try to obtain exclusive rights to a canal across the Isthmus of Panama. Abrogated by the U.S. in 1881.

Convention of Kanagawa

1854
Meeting where Japan was convinced to allow free trade with the Western world

First Geneva Convention

1864
International humanitarian law that deals with treatment of wounded during land warfare

Alaska Purchase

1867
when america bought alaska away from russia for 2 cents an acre, or 7.2 milion dollars. it was 600,000 sq. miles

Hague Convention

international treaties negotiated at the First & Second Peace Conferences at The Hague, Netherlands in 1899 & 1907, respectively, & were, along with the Geneva Conventions, among the first formal statements of the laws of war & war crimes in the nascent body of secular international law.

Burlingame Treaty

1868
This treaty with China was ratified in 1868. It encouraged Chinese immigration to the United States at a time when cheap labor was in demand for U.S. railroad construction. It doubled the annual influx of Chinese immigrants between 1868 and 1882. The treaty was reversed in 1882 by the Chinese Exclusion Act.

Chinese Exclusion Act

(1882) Denied any additional Chinese laborers to enter the country while allowing students and merchants to immigrate.

Hay-Pauncefote Treaty

1901 - Great Britain recognized U.S. Sphere of Influence over the Panama canal zone provided the canal itself remained neutral. U.S. given full control over construction and management of the canal.

Boxer Protocol (treaty of 1901)

Chinese forced to sign after suppressed in Boxer Rebellion. Required regime to pay gold for damages to foreign life and property and allowed Western powers to station troops in Beijing

Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty

treaty signed in 1903 between the United States and Panama that allowed the United States to build the Panama Canal;
overturned in 1977 when Panama canal was turned over to Panama

Second Geneva Convention

1906
International humanitarian law that deals with the wounded during naval combat

Taft-Katsura Agreement

1905
The US and Japan pledged to maintain the Open Door principles in China, Japan recognized US control over the Philippines, and the USgranted a Japanese protectorate over Korea.

Treaty of Saint-Germain

1919
Ended WWI conflict with Austria

Treaty of Versailles

1919
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans

Third Geneva Convention

1929
International humanitarian law that deals with prisoners of war

Potsdam Agreement

1945
had divided Germany into four separate zones (administered by France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the US) and created a joint 4-power administration for Germany's capital, Berlin.

UN Charter

1945
Establishes the UN
The Constitution of the UN.

Treaty of Manila

1946
Recognizes the Philippines as independent from the US

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

1947
a United Nations agency created by a multinational treaty to promote trade by the reduction of tariffs and import quotas

Convention of International Civil Aviation

1947
establishes International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

Chicago Convention

Hubert Humphrey was sure to win Democratic nomination for election of '68--he had supported LBJ's foreign/domestic policies; anti-war demonstrations led mayor Richard Daley to send out mass police force; televised and viewed as "police riot"; showed division of Democratic party

North Atlantic Treaty

NATO (1949): Obligated signatories to defend each other in event of attack, as each "deems [it] necessary".

Fourth Geneva Convention

relates to the protection of civilians during times of war "in the hands" of an enemy and under any military occupation by a foreign power.

Treaty of San Francisco

also known as the Treaty of Peace with Japan, was signed on September 8th, 1951 and came into effect on April 28th, 1952
- This treaty officially ended World War 2 and provided compensation to victims of Japanese aggression

International Atomic Energy Treaty

is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons. The IAEA was established as an autonomous organization on 29 July 1957. Though established independently of the United Nations through its own international treaty, the IAEA Statute,[1] the IAEA reports to both the UN General Assembly and Security Council.

UK-US Mutual Defense Agreement

The 1958 Agreement is a bilateral treaty between the United States and the United Kingdom on nuclear weapons cooperation. The treaty is renewed every 10 years.

Vienna Convention of Diplomatic Relations

1961
forms the basis for diplomatic immunity

Paris Peace Accords

1973 peace agreement between the United States, South Vietnam, North Vietnam, and the Vietcong that effectively ended the Vietnam War.

Threshold Test Ban Treaty

The Treaty on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear Weapon Tests was signed in July 1974 by the USA and the USSR. It establishes a nuclear "threshold," by prohibiting nuclear tests of devices having a yield exceeding 150 kilotons (equivalent to 150,000 tons of TNT).

Camp David Accords

The first signed agreement between Israel and an Arab country, in which Egyptian president Anwar Sadat recognized Israel as a legitimate state and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin agreed to return the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt.

START 1

1991
Bush and Gorbachev signed the this. It reduced nuclear warheads to less than 10000 each. It led to Start II which reduced weapon level to 1960s level. The cold war was officially over.

Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty I

SALT I - 1972, signed by U.S. and Soviet Union to slow nuclear arms race.

Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty II

President Carter and Brezhnev negotiated this agreement which expanded the first limitation agreement (Nixon) in 1979; never ratified

Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

1991 -Signed by all 16 NATO members and Warsaw Pact nations; ratified by all 16 NATO states, the eight successor states to the USSR that have territory in Europe, and the six former Warsaw Pact nations

NAFTA

1994
North American Free Trade Agreement; allows open trade with US, Mexico, and Canada

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

a PROPOSED treaty to prohibit all testing of nuclear weapons in all environments: underground, underwater, in the atmosphere and in space. In1999, the U.S. senate refused to ratify the treaty

Destroyer-for-Bases
deal

Roosevelt agreed to transfer 50 WWI-era naval destroyers to the British navy. In return, the U.S. would gain the right to build 8 naval bases in British territories in the Western Hemisphere.

War Powers Resolution of 1973

Congress claimed the power to restrict the use of American forces in combat in areas where a state of war does not exist

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