abn. beh. is best understood in light of the broad forces that influence an individ. Two major perspectives...famly social and multicultural
Family Social Perspective
concentrate on forces that operate directly on a person...like family relationships, social interactions, and community events.
3 Family Social Factors
social labels and roles
family stucture and communication
Social Labels and roles
abn. functioning can be influenced greatly by the labels and roles assigned to troubled people
Social networks and supports
ppl who are isolated and lack social support or intimacy in their lives are more likely to become depressed when under stress and to remain depressed longer than are ppl with supportive friends and spouses
Family systems theory
views the family as a system of interacting parts whose interactions exhibit consistent patterns and unstated rules
members of family are grossly overinvolved in each others activities, thoughts, and feelings. May have greater difficulty becoming independent.
famly structure which is marked by very rigid boundaries between family members. Children of these families find it more difficult to function in a group or request help.
a group of ppl with similar probs meet together with a therapist to work on problems (1/3 devoted to this)
group made up of ppl with similar probs who help and support one another without direct leadership of a clinician. approx 500000-3 million of these groups in US and attended each year by 3-4% of the entire pop.
the therapist meets with all members of the family and helps them to change in therapeutic ways
what percent of therapists use family sytem therapy
Structural family therapy
therapists try to change the family power structure, the roles each person plays, and the relationship between members
Conjoint Family Therapy
therapists try to help members recognize and change harmful patterns of communication.
what percent of indiv. treated with family approaches improve?
Divorce rate in Canada, US, and Europe is now what percent of the marriage rate
Integrative Couples therapy
further helps partners accept behaviors that they cannot change and embrace the whole relationship nevertheless.
how many of treated couples experience improved marital functioning by end of couples therapy...
how many who are treated with couples therapy achieve distress-free or happy relationships
How many who are treated with couples therapy will relapse within 2 yrs after therapy.
3 types of prevention that are used in community treatments
consists of efforts to improve community attitudes and policies. try to prevent it from even occurring.
consists of identifying and treating psych. disorders in the early stages before they get too serious
to provide effective treatment as soon as it is needed so that moderate or severe disorders do not become long-term problems.
the view that each culture has a set of values and beliefs as well as special external pressures that help account for the behavior of its members.
T or F: native americ. have exceptionally high alcoholism and suicide rates
Two features that can increase a therapists effectiveness with minority clients
1. greater sensitivity to cultural issues
2. inclusion of culutral morals and models in treatment
approaches that seek to address the unique issues faced by members of minority groups
approaches geared to the pressures of being a woman in Western society.
Problems with sociocultural model
difficult to interpret
inability to predict abnormality in specific indiv.
state that abnormality results from the interaction of genetic, biological, developmental, emotional, behavioral, cognitive, social, cultural, and societal images.
ppl must first have bio, psych and sociocult predisposition to develop a disorder and must then be subjected to episodes of severe stress.
how many therapists are eclectic