Concentrate the effects of combat power at the decisive police and time to achieve decisive results
Direct every military operation toward a clearly defined, decisive, and attainable objective
Sieze, retain, and exploit the initiative
Never permit the enemy to acquire an unexpected advantage
Economy of Force
Allocate minimum essential combat power to secondary efforts
Place the enemy in a disadvantageous position through the flexible application of combat power
Unity of Command
For every objective, ensure unity or effort under one responsible commander
Strike the enemy at a time or place or in the manner for which he is unprepared
Prepare clear, uncomplicated plans and clear, concise orders to ensure thorough understanding
Purpose of the Offense
Destroy, disrupt, deceive, divert, deprive, fix, or gain intel on the Enemy
Types of Offensive Operations
Movement to Contact, Attack, Exploitation, Pursuit
Movement to Contact
establish or regain contact with the enemy. Allows the commander to make initial contact with minimum focus and to expedite the employment and concentration of the force.
The purpose of the attack is to defeat, destroy, or neutralize the enemy. Maximum application of combat power, coupled with: Bold maneuver, shock effect, exploitation of success.
Types of Attacks
Hasty, Deliberate, Spoiling, Counter, Feint, Reconnaissance in force, Raid, Demonstration
an attack in which preparation time is traded for speed to exploit opportunity
characterized by preplanned coordinated employment of firepower and maneuver to close with. Requires a through reconnaissance of the enemy*
mounted from a defensive position to disrupt and expected enemy attack. strikes enemy while he is most vulnerable (while in the AA or ATK, prior to LD)
conducted either with a reserve or otherwise uncommitted or lightly engaged forces after the enemy has begun his attack
A supporting effort diverts or distracts the enemy's attention, Contact is made with the enemy*
Reconnaissance in Force
a deliberate attack by major forces to obtain information and to locate and test enemy reactions, disposition, and strength.
small scaled offensive operation, penetrating hostile territory for a specific purpose other than seizing and holding terrain, always a planned withdrawal*
Aims to deceive and confuse the enemy, does not make contact with the enemy*
offensive operation usually following an attack, is designed to disorganize the enemy in depth. Prevents the enemy from disengaging, w/drawing, or reestablishing a defense. Typically go after Cps, reserves, key terrain, and destruction of combat support in En rear
offensive operation designed to catch or cut off and destroy the enemy attempting to escape. develop from successful exploitations when enemy defenses begin to disintegrate or the enemy attempts to withdraw after an attack.
Purpose of the Defense
to defeat an enemy attack; force enemy to reach culminating point, rapidly gain and maintain initiative for friendlies, create opportunities to shift to the offense.
Types of defensive operations
Position defense, mobile defense
focuses on the retention of terrain. has time to build it up substantially through barriers, engagement areas...etc. commander - employs security forces, static locations.
Maneuver is used together with fire and terrain to seize the initiative from the enemy. uses a smaller front and a capable maneuver element to attack when enemy is at his weakest.