Vocab unit 1 level d

20 terms by cgehnrich

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admonish

(v.) to caution or advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty SYN: warn, call on the carpet ANT: praise, pat on the back

breach

(n.) an opening, gap, rupture, rift; a violation or infration (v.) to create an opening, break through ANT: (v.) close, seal

brigand

(n.) a bandit, robber, outlaw, highwayman SYN: Bandit, robber, outlaw

circumspect

adj.) careful, cautious SYN: wary, prudent, guarded ANT: incautious, rash, reckless, heedless

commandeer

(v.) to seize for military or official use SYN: take over, requisition, expropriate

cumbersome

adj.) clumsy, hard to handle; slow-moving SYN: unwieldy, ponderous ANT: manageable, easy to handle

deadlock

(n.) a standstill resulting from the opposition of two equal forces or factions (v.) to bring to such a standstill SYN:(n.) standoff, stalemate, impasse ANT:(n.)agreement, accord, breakthrough

debris

(n.) sacttered fragments, wreckage SYN: rubble, detritus, flotsam and jetsam

diffuse

(v.) to spread or scatter freely or widely;(adj.) wordy, longwinded, or unfocused; scattered or widely spread SYN: (v.) disperse (adj.) rambling, verbose, prolix ANT: (v.) concentrate (adj.) brief, concise, succinct

dilemma

(n.) a dificult or perplexing situation or problem SYN: predicament, quandary, pickle, bind ANT: cinch

efface

(v.) to wipe out; to keep oneself from being noticed SYN: blot out; erase obliterate, expunge

muddle

(v.) to make a mess of; muddle through; to get by (n.) a hopeless mess SYN: (v.)jumble, mess up; (n.)confusion, disorder ANT: (n.) orderliness tidiness, neatness

opinionated

(adj.)stubborn and often unreasonable in holding to one's own ideas, having a closed mind SYN: obstinate, pigheaded, inflexible ANT: open-minded, reasonable

perennial

(adj.) lasting for a long time, persistent (n.) a plant that lives for many years SYN: (adj.) enduring, recurring ANT: (adj.) brief, short-lived, fleeting ephemeral

predispose

(v.) to incline to beforehand SYN: make susceptible to ANT: immunize against, shield from

relinquish

(v.) to let go, give up SYN: surrender, abandon ANT: hold on to, keep, retain, cling to

salvage

(v.) to save from fire or shipwreck (n.) property thus saved SYN: (v.) rescue, recover, retrieve, reclaim ANT: (v.) abandon, scrap, junk

spasmodic

(adj.) sudden and violent but brief, fitful, intermittent SYN: irregular, occasional ANT: steady, continuous, chronic

spurious

(adj.) not genuine, not true, not valid SYN: false, counterfeit, fraudulent, bogus ANT: genuine, authentic, bona fide, valid

unbridled

(adj.) uncontrolled, lacking in restraint SYN: unrestrained, unchecked ANT: restrained, held in check, muted

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