the dictionary meaning of a word
the implied or suggested meaning connected with a word
limited to the simplest, ordinary, most obvious meaning
associative or connotative meaning; representational
a direct address of a n inanimate object, abstract qualities, or a person not living or present
-ex: "Beware, O Asparagus, you've stalked my last meal."
exaggeration for emphasis (the opposite of understatement)
-ex: "I'm so hungry I could eat a horse."
comparison between essentially unlike things without using words OR application of a name or description to something to which it is not literally applicable
-ex: "Love is an ever fixed mark."
a closely related term substituted for an object or idea
-ex: "We have always remained loyal to the crown."
a combination of two words that appear to contradict each other
a situation or phrase that appears to be contradictory but which contains a truth worth considering
-ex: "IN order to preserve peace, we must prepare for war."
the endowment of inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate or living qualities
-ex: "Time let me play."
play on words OR a humorous use of a single word or sound with two or more implied meanings; quibble
-ex: "They're called lessons... because they lessen from day to day."
comparison between two essentially unlike things using words such as "like," "as," or "as though"
-ex: "My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun."
a part substituted for the whole
-ex: "Friends, Romans, countrymen: lend me your ears."
"the anti-virus system I installed was a virus"
word or sequence of words representing a sensory experience (visual, auditory)
-ex: "bells knelling classes to a close" (auditory)
an attempt to fuse different senses by describing one in terms of another
-ex: "the sound of her voice was sweet"
an object or action that stands for something beyond itself
the repetition of consonant sounds, particularly at the beginning of words
-ex: "like a wanderer white"
the repetition of similar vowel sounds
-ex: "I rose and told him of my woe"
the use of words to imitate the sounds they describe
-ex: crack or whir
a reference to the person, event, or work outside the poem or literary piece
-ex: "shining, it was Adam and maiden"