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Learning

A change in behavior due to experience.

Learning associations

Conditioning is the process of:

Pavlov

The fist experimental studies of associative learning were conducted by:

The presentation of food in the dog's mouth.

In Pavlov's experiments on the salivary conditioning of dogs,the US was:

Conditioned stimulus

If a tone caused a dog to salivate because I has regularly been associated with the presentation of food, the tone is called a(n):

CR.

Male Japanese quail become sexually aroused by a red light that was reportedly associated with the presentation of a female quail. The sexual arousal triggered by the red light was a:

Reappearance, after a rest pause, of an extinguished conditioned response.

Spontaneous recovery refers to the:

Generalization

Toddlers taught to fear speeding cars may also begin to fear speeding trucks and motorcycles. This best illustrates:

Cognitive processes

The predictability rather than the frequency of CS-US associations appears to be crucial for classical conditioning. This highlights the importance of (....) in conditioning.

May be produced through classical condoning.

Watson and Rayner's study of LIttle Albert demonstrated how specific fears:

Operant conditioning

In which form of learning is behavior said to be influenced by it's consequences?

Reinforcer

An event that increases the frequency of the behavior that is a(n):

Increase; increase

Positive reinforcers (....) the rate of operant responding, and negative reinforcers (....) the rate of operant responding.

Primary reinforcer; conditioned reinforcer

The removal of electric shock is to the receipt of good grades as (...) is to (....).

Increase; decrease

Negative reinforcers (....) the rate of operant responding, and punishments (....) the rate of operant responding.

Do all of the above.

The use of physical punishment may:

Latent learning

The fact that learning can occur without reinforcement is most clearly demonstrated by studies of:

Cognitive processes.

Studies of latent learning highlight the importance of:

External influences.

According to B.F. Skinner, human behavior is controlled primarily by:

Continue shopping while ignoring Hakim's tantrums.

When grocery shopping with his mother, 4 year old Hakim somethings throw temper if his mother refuses his requests for a particular snack food. Parent training experts would suggest that his mother should:

Modeling

Jeremy wears his baseball cap backwards because he noticed his older brother does it. This illustrates the importance of:

Observational learning.

Mirror neurons provide a biological basis for:

Bandura

Who highlighted to the importance of observational learning?

Prosocial behavior

Alex learned to babysit and ca for young children effectively by observing the many ways his mother carefully nurtured his own younger siblings. This best illustrates the value of observational learning for promoting:

Observational learning

Children of abusive parents often learn to be aggressive by imitating their parents. This illustrates the importance of:

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