the residents of a congressional district or state
the assigning by Congress of congressional seats after each census; State legislatures reapportion state legislative districts
An elected office that is predictably won by one party or the other, so the success of that party's candidate is almost taken for granted
drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent
redrawing of congressional and legislative district lines following the census, to accomodate population shift, and keep district equal
the current holder of an elected office
Special spending projects that are set aside on behalf of individual members of Congress for their constituents
powers explicitly given to Congress in the Constitution
Speaker of the House
the presiding officer in the House of Rep., formally elected by the House but actuallly selected by the majority party
A meeting of the members of a party in a legislative chamber to select party leaders and to develop party policy; called a conference by Republicians
legislative leader selected by the majority party who helps plan party strategy, confers with other party leaders and tries to keep members in line
legislative leader selected by the minority party as spokesperson for the opposition
party leader who is the liaison between the leadership and the rank and file in the legislature
procedural rule in the House of Rep. that permits floor amendments within the overal time allocated to the bill
A procedure for terminating debate, especially fillabusters, in the Senate
A procedural practice in the Senate whereby a Senator temporarily blocks the consideration of a bill or nomination
procedural practice in the Senate whereby a senator refuses to relinquish the floor and thereby delays proceedings and prevents a vote on a controversial issue
composed of members of the House of Rep. and the Senate; oversee the Library of Congress and conduct investigations
Special or Select Committee
A congressional committee created for a specific purpose; sometimes to conduct an investigation
Standing Committee (examples)
House-Agriculture, Armed Services, Budget, Education
Senate-Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry; Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
make decisions about how much money government will spend on its programs and operations
Rules and Administration Committee
in both chambers; determines the basic operations of their chamber
legislative practice that assigns the chair of a committee or subcommittee to the member of the majority party with the longest continuous service on the committee
Appointed by the presiding officers of each chamber to adjust differences on a particular bill passed by each in different form
an official who is expected to represent the views of his or her constituents even when personally holding different views; one interpretation of rule of a legislator
official who is expected to vote independently based on his or her judgement of the circumstances; one interpretation of the role of a legislator
mutual aid and vote trading among legislators
Peition if signed by a majority of the members of the House of the Rep. will pry a bill from committee and bring it to the floor for consideration
provision attached to a bill- to which it may or may not be related - in order to secure its passage or defeat
veto exercised by the president after Congress has adjorned; if president takes no action for ten days, the bill does not become law and is not returned to COngress for a possible override
number of members in the House
number of Senators
number of Senators up for election every two years
term of representatives; number of senators per state
term of a Senator
amount needed for an amendment to go to the states; number of votes needed to override a veto; of a vote in House to impeach
to call cloture
Watching congressional debates on C-SPAM will not influence this group, but emails, letters and calls will.
the common citizen
Why do members of Congress listen to their constituents?
In order to be re-elected
This document says the House has to be apportioned by population
The Constitution; The apportioned must be done by Congress
What body draws the House of Rep. districts after the census is done?
The state Government
Which body has more rules?
House of Representatives
Who has the impeachment power?
House of Representatives
Who has the power to try an impeachment?
Who presides over the House?
Speaker of the House (Also known as the majority leader)
Who is it that the House has to formally choose?
The Speaker of the House
What party is the Speaker always from?
Who is it that presides over the Senate other than the V.P.?
President Pro Tempore
What does the makup of Congress look like?
Older, white, male, educated, middle-classed, lawyer
Where do most bills die?
How influential are interest groups to congress on controversial issues?
How influential are constituents to Congress on controversial issues?
How influential are state legislatures to Congress on controversial issues?
Not very influential
Who does the Constitution say should punish members of Congress when it is needed?
If Congress is in session and the President does not sign the bill what happens to it?
it automatically passes and becomes a law
What advantage does incumbents have over their challenger>
they already have been elected; recognition of the name, experience, easily raise money, greater access to media
Which of the three branches was expected to be the most powerful?
Who is it that appoints select and conference committees, grants recognition of a member and directs general business on the floor?
the speaker of the House