Who were Alexander the Great's parents?
Philip II and Olympias
Who was Alexander the Great's tutor?
What was the name of Alexander's horse?
What was Alexander's key victory as a young adult?
Alexander the Great was crowned king of where at age 20?
What was Philip II's goal when he took the throne?
conquering Greek city states
Philip II defeated Athens and Thebes at
the Battle of Chaeronea
What was the significance of the Battle of Chaerona?
brought all of Greece under Philip II's control
Who did Philip II begin to suspect of plotting against him?
his wife Olympias and son Alexander
How did Philip II die?
He was assasinated at his daughters wedding by one of his bodyguards
How old was Alexander when he assumed the throne?
Alexander began organizing his forces to do what?
take on persia
What was Alexander's first victory against?
How did Alexander the Great die?
fell victim to a fever, and negative effects of wounds and lots of alcohol
What happened to Alexander's empire after he died?
it was divided into four kingdoms
What were the four kingdoms of Alexander's empire?
Macedonia, Syria, Peragamum and Egypt
What was Alexander's most lasting achievement?
the spread of Greek culture
What new age did Alexander create?
the Hellenistic Era
meaning to imitate Greeks
What was one way Alexander encouraged cultural blending?
he married two Persian women
What city was at the heart of the Hellenistic world?
what was the greatest attraction of Alexandria
Pharos; a 440 foot tall light house
astronomer; estimated the sun was 300 times larger than the earth
astronomer; director of alexandrian library, tried to calculate Earth's size with geometry
compiled a geometry textbook called Elements; regarded as best mathematician in Alexandria
gifted in geometry and physics; explained law of the lever; invented the pulley;
Who founded Stoicism?
Zeno, a Greek philosopher
Focus #1 of Stoicism
that people should live virtuous lives in harmony with the will of god or the natural laws that God established to run the universe
Focus #2 of Stocism
preached that power, wealth, and human desires were dangerous distractions that should be checked. Stoicism promoted social unity and encouraged its followers to focus on what they could control.
Who founded Epicureanism
What did Epicurus teach?
that the gods, who had no interest in humans, ruled the universe
that the only real objects were those that the five senses perceived
that the main goal of humans was to achieve harmony of body and mind
that the greatest good and highest pleasure came from virtuous conduct and the absence of pain
today the word Epicurean means...
a person devoted to pursuing human pleasures, especially the enjoyment of good food
How old was alexander when he died?