participant point of view
i, me, my, we ,us ,our, first person point of view
nonparticipant point of view
he, him, she, her, they, them, third person point of view
the author can enter the minds of all the characters
selective (limited) omniscient narrator
the author limits his omniscience to the minds of a few of the characters or to the mind of a single character
the author does not enter a single mind, but instead records what can be seen and heard.
literal of historical level
the events that are actually happening in the story on a surface level
the political level
the level on which human beings relate to others in a community and in the world
moral or psychological level
the way in which the self relates to the realm of ethics
the universal level on which a person relates to the cosmos, the way of the pilgrim (i.e. a free spirit rebelling against the repression of absolute authority, free will, the power of the individual etc.)
two dimensional. a simple character defined by a lack of complexity
three dimensional, the characters is fully developed with the level of depth and complexity associated with real people
does not significantly change over the course of the narrative
this character changes during the course of the literary work
these characters embody a certain kind of universal human experience (the blind seer, the guardian, the earth mother, the damsel in distress, etc.)
man vs. man, man vs. nature, involves the 'elemental' clash between humans competing or struggling against one another or against society
internal/ psychological conflict
man vs. self, involves the inner divisions or turmoil of single character
man ys. supernatural, man vs. fate, involving the clash between a human character and fate or some type of deity
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