|Elder Holland "A Promised land"||America is a Choice land. God preserved land and prepared it|
|The Mayflower Compact|| -Established the first basis in the new world for written laws|
-By virtue we establish and constitute just and equal laws for the general good of the colony
|A Christian at His Calling - COTTON MATHER|| -Specialization|
-Use your business or occupation (something you're good at; even if someone else has an easier/richer calling)) and succeed so that you can glorify God through your success
|A Model of Christian Charity - JOHN WINTHROP||-Describes the struggle of Puritans and their "errand into the wilderness." Their struggle? How can a group of outcasts who have a habit of quarreling with authority construct a strong society without fighting amongst themselves?|
-Why are some people rich and some poor?
-Diversity among people allows for a variety of ways in which God may be honored.
-Acts of kindness by the rich toward the poor - and a spirit of obedience by the poor toward the rich - further manifest the spirit of ideal public life.
-Common need among individuals with different qualities - shared struggles from different stations in life - is necessary to society.
|The Liberty of Ancients Compared with that of Moderns - BENJAMIN CONSTANT|| -Ancient liberty: freedom to participate in society and participating in government|
o Gives up individual freedoms
-Modern Liberty: freedom for personal independence
o Sacrifices the impression of the individual in social power
|The Rule of Law - MICHAEL MULLANE|| -Tinkerbelle Effect|
o The rule of law only exists because enough of us believe in it and insist that everyone (even non-believers) behave as if it exists
|Little Speech on Liberty - JOHN WINTHROP||- How does the authority of the magistrates stand in relation to the liberty of the people?|
o When you see weakness in the leaders (magistrates) you have chosen, you should reflect upon your own weaknesses since you chose them.
o The magistrates try to govern and judge as best they as can according to God's laws, as well as our own.
o If the magistrate's error is clearly out of wickedness, he must be held accountable for his transgressions. However, if it is not clear that his error was due to evil intentions, then the people, who have a covenant with their leaders, need to bear the consequences of the error.
-There are two kinds of liberty:
1. Natural liberty: This is a liberty man shares in common with beasts. Man, as he stands in relation to man, has the liberty to do good or evil. The exercise of [natural] liberty makes men grow more evil, and in time to be worse than brute beasts.... This is that great enemy of truth and peace, that wild beast, which all the ordinances [authorities] of God are bend against, to restrain and subdue it.
2. Civil or federal liberty: This liberty is in reference to the covenant between God and man, in the moral law, and the politic covenants and constitutions, amongst men themselves. This liberty is the proper end and object of authority..., it is a liberty to that only which is good, just, and honest. This liberty is maintained and exercised in a way of subjection to authority; it is of the same kind of liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free.
•Analogy: women's subjection to her husband's authority makes her free
-The best way to preserve our civil liberties is to uphold and honor authority.
|Wealth of Nations - Adam Smith||-Wealth is an annual flow of goods and services, not an accumulated fund of precious metals|
-A link between exports and imports - fundamental role of exports is to pay for imports
-He implied that the end purpose of economic activity is consumption
-Causes of the Wealth of Nations
o Productivity of labor
• Depends on the division of labor (advantages of specialization)
o The proportion of laborers who are usefully employed
|The American Crisis - THOMAS PAINE|| -Inspired American Revolution|
o Argued that the American colonists had a right to revolt against Britain
-"It is the madness of folly, to expect mercy from those who have refused to do justice."
-Hard Work means that there's something worth working for
|Libertarianism||gov't should only protect freedom and do nothing more|
|Liberalism||gov't is necessary to protect people (who are mostly good) from corruption|
|Ancient liberty||freedom to participate in society and participating in government|
|Modern Liberty||freedom for personal independence|
|shortage||a situation in which quantity demanded is greater than quantity supplied|
|surplus||a situation in which quantity supplied is greater than quantity demanded|