The exact location of a place on a mathematical grid of the earth divide by longitude and latitude
If objects circle another object.
Provide a sense of place and identity; they map our relationship with the land over time.
Daylight Saving Time
Pushes the clock forward one hour in the spring in order to allow people to enjoy more sunlight in the afternoon during the warm spring and summer months
Caused by trying to represent a 3-D object on a 2-D surface.
Branch of geography that studies the interactions between humans and the natural world
Imaginary circle that lies halfway between the North and South poles.
Greek scholar who accurately calculated the circumference of the Earth by measuring the sun's angles at the summer solstice at two points along the Nile River-Alexandria and Syene
Area that has striking similarities in terms of one or a few physical or cultural features.
Areas organized around cores or nodes.
GIS (Geographic Information Center)
Computer system that captures, stores, analyzes, and displays data
Expansion of economic, political, and cultural activities to the point that they reach and have impact on many areas of the world
GPS (global positioning system)
Uses a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers to determine precise absolute location on Earth
Greenwich Metric Time
Standard time at the Prime Meridian
Reflects a rectangular system of land survey adopted in much of the country under the Ordinance of 1785.
lived in the late 6th and 5th centuries B.C.E, created a map that was accurate around Greece but other areas were much more vague.
focuses on people, answers questions like where are they? how are they alike and different and how they interact.
An 11th century Arab geographer who worked for the of Sicily to collect geographical information into a remarkably accurate representation of the world
German philosopher and geographer identified geography as the study of interrelated spatial patterns.
All the visible features of an area of countryside or land, often considered in terms of their aesthetic appeal
Distance north and south of the equator
Pattern that is along straight lines, like rivers, streets, or railroad tracks.
Position of something on earth's surface
A numbering system that calculates distance east and west of the Prime Meridian
Marsh, George Perkins
A 19th century American geographer is best known for writing "Man and Nature" published in 1864
It was invented by Flemish cartographer Gerardus Mercator in 1569 for a specific purpose.A true conformal cylindrical map projection, the Mercator projection is particularly useful for navigation because it maintains accurate direction.
An arc drawn on a map between the North and South poles that measures longitude.
Companies that have centers of operation in many parts of the globe.
Any of the imaginary circles around the earth parallel to the equator, marking degrees of latitude.
The arrangement of objects on Earth's surface in relation to other objects
No formal boundaries or an area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity.
The outside boundary or surface of something.
A cylindrical map projection that attempts to retain the accurate sizes of all the world's landmasses.
Concerned with the locations of such earth features as land, water, and climate; their relationship to one another and to human activities; and the forces that create and change them.
Physical site characteristics
Climate, topography, soil, water sources, vegetation, and elevation.
A specific point on earth with human and physical characteristics that distinguish it from other points.
Meridian at zero degree longitude from which east and west are reckoned (usually the Greenwich longitude in England).
Ancient scientist who said earth was the center of the universe.
Exists if no regular distribution can be seen
The organization of earth's surface into distinct areas that are viewed as different from other areas.
Projection that attempts to balance several possible projection errors. It does not maintain completely accurate area, shape, distance, or direction, but it minimizes errors in each.
An early 20th century geographer from California, shaped the field of Human Geography by arguing the cultural landscaped should be the main focus of geographic study.
The relationship between the size of an object or distance between objects on a map and the size of the actual object or distance on earth's surface.
Physical position in relation to the surroundings.
Refers to relative location, physical position in relation to the surroundings.
A method used before the adoption of time zones based on the position of the sun in the sky as the day progressed.
The physical gap or distance between two objects
Space time compression
The changes that rapid connections among places and regions have brought.
The location of places,people,and events, and the connections among places and landscapes
An intellectual framework that looks at the particular locations of specific phenomena, how and why that phenomena is where it is, and how it is spatially related to phenomena in other places
Region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time
the name by which a geographical place is known
U.S. Census Bureau
Government program that surveys the population every ten years in order to aid official plans and fund certain programs (ex: school construction, transportation systems, police/fire services, public housing, etc)
"why of where"
Explanations for why spatial pattern occurs