unconscious assumption that one's own cultural background is "normal" while the sounds of other's is "strange" or "exotic"
the study of signs and systems of signs including those used in music
studying how music works in different cultures. "the study of any music within its contemporary cultural text."
the tone quality or "color" of musical sound
instruments that requires air to produce sound - namely flutes, reeds, trumpets, and bellow-driven instruments
instruments that play based on string vibration, four types- lutes, zithers, harps, and lyres
instruments that have a vibrating membrane, usually animal skin that is stretched over a frame, such as a drum.
instruments that themselves vibrate to produce sound, such as rattles, bells and various other kinds of percussion. - plucked, struck, or shaken
the entire collection of pitch frequencies commonly used in a given music tradition, culturally determined
one pitch per syllable
more than one pitch per syllable
the lengths, or durations, of sounds as patterns in time
music with no regular pulsation
refers to the organizational relationship between or among musical sounds
the perspective of a cultural outsider
the perspective of a cultural insider
situations in which patterns of behavior are repeated with out question because they are seen to have meaning, most commonly religious services
process between someone who knows something to someone who is learning, the process of teaching and learning. Passing on information.
people who are local to the area, or the first people in an area
indigenous people from Australia
instrument form Papa-New Guinea, imitates human speech, piece of bamboo that you pluck
wavering of the pitch
sliding of the pitch
Hawaiian dance, originally to praise the spirits