← BIO 215 Test 2 Part 3 Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All p. Zygomycota belongs to which kingdom? Fungi What are the members of p. Zygomycota incorrectly referred to as? black bread molds What is the common name for members of p. Zygomycota? Coenocytic true fungi Members of which phylum are commonly found in the soil and in food that has been sitting out too long? Their spores are found everywhere. Zygomycota Define coenocytic having many nuclei since there are no crosswalls between the nuclei What is a disadvantage of being coenocytic? susceptible to mechanical damage Describe the morphology of p. Zygomycota coenocytic, filamentous, may form a mycelium with sporangia on stalks What is a sporangia? maker of spores What form of metabolism is used by members of p. Zygomycota? saprobic Describe Pilobilus A member of p. Zygomycota. It lives exclusively on horse manure. It expels the black spore cases at light increasing the likelhood that they will be eaten by a horse and disseminated. How do members of p. Zygomycota reproduce? sexual or asexual Rhizopus belongs to which phylum? Zygomycota What is the ecological and economic significance of p. Zygomycota? Fermentation products of soybeans (sufu, tempeh) Used to produce Birth control and anesthetics Meat tenderizer Yellow dye for coloring margarine Phylum Ascomycota belongs to which kingdom? Fungi What is the diversity of p. Ascomycota? 30,000+ What is the common name for p. Ascomycota? cup or sac fungi What are the main members of p. Ascomycota? yeats, mildews, ergot, morels, truffles Members of which phylum are commonly found in damp soil, trees and stumps, plants and animals? Ascomycota What is the name for the cup-shaped reproductive body of members of p. Ascomycota? ascocarp Describe the structure of the mycelia produced by many members of p. Ascomycota The hyphae are divided into individual cyclindrical cells. The crosswalls between the cells have pores through which nuclei can pass (functionally coenoscenic) Pores have plugs to prevent mechanical damage What form of metabolism is used by members of p. Ascomycota? saprobic and parasitic How do members of p. Ascomycota reproduce? sexual (ascocarp releases ascospores) asexual (by means of conidia) What is the term for spores that are produced externally, either singly or in chains at the tips of hyphae. Mechanism of asexual reproduction. conidia What is the ecological and economic significance of p. Ascomycota? morels and truffles are considered to be a delicacy ergot infects rye and other grains, produces alkaloids which cause the disease ergotism or can be used to induce labor. LSD was once derived from ergot. Yeasts are important in the production of ethanol Dutch elm disease is caused by a cup fungus Ergot may have been responsible for which two historical events? St. Anthony's Fire which killed 40k people in 994 AD Salem Witch Trials in MA Phylum Basidiomycota belongs to which Kingdom? Fungi What is the common name of p. Basidiomycota? cup fungi What is the diversity of p. Basidiomycota? 25,000+ What are the main members of p. Basidiomycota? mushrooms, puffballs, earth stars, shelf or bracket fungi, rusts, smuts, jelly fungi, and bird-nest fungi Which group of p. Basidiomycota produce spores within parchment-like membranes? They are generally edible and range from a few mm to 1.2 meters in size. They have no stalks and rest in contact with the ground. Puffballs Which group of p. Basidiomycota grow horizontally from bark or dead wood and can become large enough to support the weight of an adult? shelf or bracket fungi Which group of p. Basidiomycota are plant parasites? rusts Rusts, plant parasites in p. Basidiomycota, require what two hosts to complete their life cycle? common barberry and wheat Which group of p. Basiodiomycota are parasitic club fungi of corn, wheat, and other grains. The mycelium grows between the cells of the hosts to absorb nutrients from the cells. Smuts Smuts, parasitic club fungi of p. Basiodiomycota, secrete ____ that cause tumors on the surface of corn kernels mitogens Which group of p. Basidiomycota form nest-like cavities in which contain basidospores? The spores are dispersed by raindrops Bird-nest fungi Members of which phylum are commonly found in most, damp soil in darkened areas. They live on dead trees and logs as well as plants. Basidiomycota Describe the morphology of p. Basidiomycota Produce spores at the tips of swollen hyphae (basidia) that resemble "clubs". The hyphae are divided into individual cells with one or two nuclei. There is a pore between the cells, but nuclei usually can't pass through it. What form of metabolism is used by members of p. Basidiomycota? saprobic (majority) or parasitic (on plants) How do members of p. Basidiomycota reproduce? sexual (majority, dikaryotic stage) asexual (conidia) What is the ecological and economic significance of p. Basidiomycota? Poisonous mushrooms, Hallucinogenic mushrooms, useful mushrooms, mushrooms in the literature and cinema What is an example of a poisonous mushroom of p. Basidiomycota? Death Angel (Amanita phalloides) produce amatoxins that inhibit polymerase B which shuts down protein synthesis What are some of the myths regarding poisonous mushrooms? Feed it to an animal, snail, beetle Silver coin turns black Edible = peeled Mushrooms in grassy areas are safe Poisonous mushrooms appear in the spring/fall What are two examples of hallucinogenic mushrooms of p. Basidiomycota? Teonanacatl "god flesh" mushrooms used by Mayans Fly Agaric Mushrooms of Russia which are intoxicating (rein deers are obsessed with them) What are the benefits of edible mushrooms of p. Basidiomycota? protein rich, source of RNA black forest mushrooms induce the formation of interferon shitake mushrooms contain lentinacin which lowers cholesterol What are two examples of mushrooms in leterature and cinema? Carrol "Alice in Wonderland" Verne "Journey to the Center of the Earth"