the relatively consistent blend of emotions, temperament, thought, and behavior that makes a person unique
usbjective reactions to experience that are associated with physiological and behavioral changes
3. hunger, angry, frustrated, and pained
4 types of crying of infants
4. self conscious emotions
emotions, such as embarrassment or empathy, that depend on self awareness
5. self awareness
realization that one's existence and functioning are separate front hose of other people and things
6. self evaluative emotions
emotions, such as pride or shame, that depend both on self awareness and knowledge of socially accepted standards of behavior
ability to put one's self in another's place and feel what the other person feels
there are 4 major shifts in brain organization that roughly correspond to changes in emotional development. 1) 1-3 mths. cerebral cortex becomes functional = differentiating basic emotions. 2) 9-10 mths frontal lobs interact with limbic system a seat of emotional reactions. hippocampus becomes more adult like. connections between hypothalamus, limbic system, and frontal cortex develop. allows child to experience and interpret emotions simultaneously. 3) 2 yr. myleination of frontal lobes coincides with more physical aptitude and exploratory behavior 4) emotions shift from SNS to PSNS coincide with hormonal changes.
characteristic disposition or style of approaching and reacting to situations. how they regulate their mental, emotional, and behavioral functioning.
10. "easy children"
children with a generally happy temperament, reular biological functions, and a readiness to a crept new experiences.
11. "difficult children"
children with irritable temperament, irregular biological rhythms, and intense emotional responses.
12. "slow to warm up children"
children whose temperament is generally mild but who are hesitant about accepting new experiences.
13. new york longitudinal study
ID'd three main types of temperament
14. goodness of fit
appropriateness of environmental demands and constraints to a child's temperament.
the role of the father in raising an infant is essentially a social construction
what it means to be male of female
fathers tend to treat the sexes differently than mothers do. they leo think that different sex babies are more different the they actually are.
18. gender typing
socialization process by which children at an early age learn appropriate gender roles